More Notable Arts and Crafts Houses
in Australia

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Arts and Crafts Architecture in Australia

What to look for in an Arts and Crafts building

Australian Capital Territory Arts and Crafts Architecture

  1. 15 Arthur Circle, Forrest, ACT

  2. Westridge House & Grounds, 55 Banks Street, Yarralumla, ACT
     

Queensland Arts and Crafts Style

Architect Robin Dods

  1. Lyndhurst (The Reid House)
    ​3 London Road, Clayfield

  2. Clayfield House, 8 London Road Clayfield

  3. Inverness ​58 Fulham Street, Toogoolawah

  4. La Scala (Craig Athol),  
    517 Brunswick Street , Fortitude Valley

South Australian Arts and Crafts Style

  1. Lee's Theatre Club, 307 Young Street Wayville

  2. Eaton House, 2 Fitzroy Terrace  Thorngate SA

  3. Villa Stresa, 258-260 Stanley Street North Adelaide

  4. Krichauff, 353 Portrush Road Toorak Gardens

  5. The Cedars, Heysen Road, Hahndorf 

 

Northern Territory Arts & Crafts

  1. Audit House, 2 Burnett Place
    Larrakeyah 0820 NT

       Tropical Executive Housing Precinct
       Tropical Architect Beni Burnett

  2. Barr Residence, 12 Schultze St, Larrakeyah, NT

  3. Burnett House, 4 Burnett Pl, Larrakeyah, NT

  4. Magistrate's House, 2 Kahlin Avenue Larrakeyah 0820 NT
    Tropical Bungalow style

  5. Mines House, 6 Burnett Pl, Larrakeyah, NT

 

Western Australian Arts and Crafts Style

  1. Daylesford House, (Cyril Jackson's House, Yadgawine)
    7 Daylesford Rd Bassendean

  2. The Cliffe 25 Bindaring Parade Peppermint Grove WA

  3. Forrest Homestead, Bunbury

  4. Kulahea, 4 Forrest Street, Cottesloe, WA

  5. (Former) South Fremantle Post Office 

  6. Vancouver Arts Centre Group (former Albany Cottage Hospital) 77-87 Vancouver St Albany WA

Keep Reading:

Arts and Crafts Architecture in Australia

 

Architecture was reformed by the Arts and Crafts movement, through

  • encouraging traditional building crafts,

  • the use of local materials, and 

  • the need to be free of any imposed style (eg Gothic, Queen Anne).

 

Function, need and simplicity (without spurious ornament) were to inform design, encapsulated in the work of English Architects:

 

Young English architects trained in Arts and Crafts flocked to Australia around the turn of last century as Melbourne boomed and became the richest city in the world. 


Below are featured:

 

Their designs also encompassed interior fittings and garden design. 

 

House, 15 Arthur Circle, Forrest, ACT (1927)

 

The FCC Type 15 residence at 15 Arthur Circle, Forrest, is significant as it is a rare example of the Arts and Crafts style of architecture in Canberra.

It exhibits features characteristic of the style including

  • a conspicuous, steeply-pitched roof;

  • the narrow, linear plan;

  • the use of the 'eyebrow' window hood; and

  • the uncommon use of the main gable pitched to the front and rear facades.

Australian Capital Territory Arts and Crafts Architecture

 
 

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Jump To:

Australian Capital Territory Arts and Crafts Architecture

Queensland Arts and Crafts Style

Architect Robin Dods

South Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Northern Territory Arts & Crafts

   Tropical Architect Beni Burnett

Western Australian Arts and Crafts Style

The Forrest Housing Precinct is subject to conservation measures to preserve its character. Important values being preserved in the suburb are:[6]

  • The majority of the precinct was constructed in 1926 – 27 to meet the urgent need to provide housing for public servants prior to the opening of the provisional Parliament House in 1927.

  • The Melbourne firm Oakley, Parkes and Scarborough won a 1924 competition to design the housing for the precinct, they had also designed 'The Lodge', a fine example of the Inter-War Georgian Revival style of architecture.

The house is the only residence of its type to be built in Canberra, and the only residence to exhibit strongly the influence of the English Arts and Crafts architects, in particular the work of C.F.A. Voysey.

Its design was innovative within the context of Government and private domestic architecture in Canberra at that time and it remains as an exemplar of the architectural creativity of the Federal Capital Commission's Architects Department, under the direction of architect and artist Henry Maitland Rolland.,

The house is a relatively intact example of an Arts & Crafts style residence placed within a garden suburb setting.

 

The Site:

Block 10 Section 21 is a generous corner allotment with frontages to Arthur Circle and Ducane Street, Forrest.

The residence is sited across the corner and is dominated by a massive specimen of Eucalyptus bicostata which is located at the front of the house. There are no other major tree plantings to the site.

The placement of the residence on the block, and the comparatively small footprint of the residence, mean that there is a vast amount of area to the Ducane Street frontage and to the rear.

There are numerous concrete garden paths and large areas of concrete paving extant however the garden has been untended for a number of years and any formal landscaping which once existed is now completely overgrown and weed infested.

The rear yard, which is very exposed, is dominated by numerous outbuildings. A fenced but overgrown garden area to the end facing Arthur Circle provides some privacy and shelter to the entrance porches.

The extant paving, planting and outbuildings are indicative of the former intensive use of this area, particularly within the 'active' ownership by the Cusack family [1940s to 1980s].

Read more: 

 

Westridge House & Grounds,
55 Banks St., Yarralumla, ACT (1928)

 

Historic Canberra house sells for millions

1 Dec 2010, 3:14pm

One of Canberra's oldest homes has been sold at auction for $3.2 million.

The historic Westridge House in Yarralumla, which was owned by the CSIRO, has been bought by a private bidder.

The two hectare property has been in government hands since 1928.

Westridge House was originally built as a residence for the founding principal of the Australian Forestry School, Charles Lane-Poole, arguably Australia's most famous forester.

The home itself was designed by renowned 1920's architect Harold Desbrowe-Annear, who was a former neighbour of the Lane-Pooles from their time living in Melbourne.

Sold again on 26 Nov 2017

It's believed that Westridge House at 55 Banks Street, Yarralumla, sold for more than $6 million.

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What to look for in an Arts and Crafts building:

 

  • Clarity of form and structure,

  • a variety of materials,

  • asymmetry,

  • Traditional construction and Craftsmanship.

Many Arts and Crafts homes share these traits:

  • enveloping rooflines, deep eaves. exposed rafter ends

  • roughcast (battered) gables and verandah columns with over-scaled verandah brackets,

  • surfaces covered with pebble-cast, and shingles 

  • tall tapered chimneys, often built as (external) buttresses, 

  • Structural “authenticity: exposed beams, strong posts, rafters that extend past the roof line

  • Simplicity: open floor plans with built-ins, smooth surfaces, lack of intricate carving

  • Native materials: wood (especially oak), locally sourced stone, stucco, brick

  • Natural influences: earth tones, attention to wood grain, decorative items made of shell or bone

  • The hand of the artist: hand hammered metals, handmade tile, embracing of imperfections

  • Emphasis on home life: dim, homey, glowing interiors, prominent fireplaces, art glass to soften light

"This is more than a residence, it is an estate of a staggering 19,210 square metres - the largest privately owned residential block in the inner south. Nearly five acres of exceptional Yarralumla earth, and offering an array of life style possibilities.

This is an opportunity to acquire more than a property; it is an opportunity to acquire a legacy for generations to come.
 

This elegant and substantial sized residence sits high on a gently sloping, exquisitely landscaped estate and was built in 1928 for Charles Lane-Poole, then the inspector-general of Forests.

In 1975, CSIRO became the new tenant of 'Westridge House' and it was used as the residence for the chief officer.

For the last several years it has been in private hands and the expansive grounds have been restored beautifully, to a level worthy of this Yarralumla jewel.

An appropriately long, sweeping driveway leads to the front of the home, with steps leading up to the grand entrance foyer exuding old world charm.

The building, of rendered brick with exposed external timbers was designed and constructed as a residence for the Principal of the Forestry School (Lane Poole).

It was designed by the Melbourne architect Harold Desbrowe Annear in an eclectic transitional style reflecting the Arts and Crafts ideals but with a simplified interpretation.

It is finely proportioned with creative detailing such as built-in cupboards, and windows sliding into wall cavities. The grounds include groups of pines, part of the arboretum. 

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Description

Annear's design for the Canberra residence of the Principal of the Australian Forestry School, makes some reference to the English Tudor vernacular in its half-timbered, jetted upper floor, the association of forestry possibly being in his mind.

The way Annear balances the eccentric mass of the hipped roof with a gabled, dormer-like element is particularly successful.

The half-timbering allows windows to vary in their spacing on the first floor, according to the need to light the rooms, without having an uncontrolled appearance.

Window heights on both floors generally are low enough to provide height for the disappearing sashes, but where the function dictates, their height varies.

This is a departure from the then current precepts of fenestration design, derived from Beaux-Arts and Georgian Revival thinking.

The house features inventive details including the integral counter-balanced windows and flyscreens that slide into the wall cavities, and chimneys with side flues and a stepped form that helps to ventilate the building.

The house was used by the CSIRO for offices (1987).

The garage behind the house is included in the listing as a sympathetic part of the original design. 

Also known as Tudor House.

Read more:

 

Queensland Arts and Crafts Style

 

Acclaimed Architect Robin Dods

Robert Smith (Robin) Dods (1868-1920), architect, was born on 9 June 1868 at Dunedin, New Zealand, eldest of three sons of Robert Smith Dods, wholesale grocer, and his wife Elizabeth Gray, née Stodart, both Edinburgh Scots.

He came to be known as Robin.

He eventually settled into a practice in Wickham Terrace, Brisbane.

Young Robin was sent from schooling in Brisbane to Edinburgh to serve articles with architects Hay & Henderson. He also attended evening classes at the Edinburgh Architectural Association until 1890 and formed there a lasting friendship with (Sir) Robert Lorimer (1864-1929).

In 1890 Dods moved to London, where he worked with the fortifications branch of the War Office and in the office of (Sir) Aston Webb.

In 1891 he was admitted to the Royal Institute of British Architects and travelled in Italy. There he first met Mary Marian King, daughter of an American clergyman, whom he married at Woollahra, Sydney, on 21 March 1899.

Dods visited his mother in Brisbane in 1894 and while there completed designs which subsequently won a competition for a nurses' home at Brisbane Hospital. 

Arts and Crafts architect Robin Dods had, during his 20-year tenure with Hall & Dods, designed about 650 residential, commercial and religious buildings, and had designed a handful of houses in Brisbane, including his own at New Farm (since demolished).

His domestic work adopted many local techniques in wood but had a sophisticated discipline and a common-sense response to climate which were radically new.

Influenced by C. F. A. Voysey, and like contemporaries in Britain including Sir Robert Lorimer and Sir Edwin Lutyens, his early work was full of the romance of an arts and crafts philosophy which he never completely lost. 

Read more: Architect Robin Dods

Clayfield-House-Robert-Smith-Dods.jpg
 

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Lyndhurst (The Reid House)

​3 London Road, Clayfield Qld (1896)

Lyndhurst is a timber residence erected in 1896 for John Reid, principal of J C Hutton & Co., ham and bacon processors.

​Lyndhurst was the first substantial house designed by architect Robin Dods after his commencement in the Brisbane partnership of Hall and Dods from August 1896. 

Within the partnership, Dods was responsible for most of the design, while Hall concentrated on management.

The practice was the most influential source of modern design in Brisbane, producing a wide range of accomplished buildings and was credited with achieving an 'architectural revolution in Brisbane.' 

Dods was a prolific, innovative and highly skilled architect whose work moved the Queensland timber house tradition forward. His work was influential and during his lifetime, the 'Lyndhurst' design was published more often than any other of his domestic works.

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Jump To:

Australian Capital Territory Arts and Crafts Architecture

Queensland Arts and Crafts Style

Architect Robin Dods

South Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Northern Territory Arts & Crafts

   Tropical Architect Beni Burnett

Western Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Description:

The large, single-storey house has a timber frame elevated on timber stumps at the front and set close to the ground at the rear.

The area beneath the house is enclosed with concrete blocks that have been rendered to match the exterior fibrous cement sheeting.

A pair of narrow concrete stairs leads up to the two doors at the front of the house.

The roof is steeply pitched and composed of two large hips that are symmetrically arranged around a central axis through the front elevation and are clad in terracotta Marseilles pattern tiles.

Twin gables, of a uniform roof pitch, project from the building's front elevation. The pediments of the gables are clad with fibrous cement sheeting and are decorated with wide timber battens.

Two tall rendered chimneys with concrete caps are the only other visible elements on the vast roof.

Part of the verandah roof on the eastern side of the house has been replaced with corrugated iron.

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Read more: 

 

Clayfield House, 8 London Road, Clayfield (1905)

Clayfield House was designed and constructed in 1906 by architect Robin Dods as ‘Turrawan’ with tennis courts built behind the house. At the time, this doctor’s residence was the only building between Wagner and London Roads.

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History of Clayfield House

Robert Smith (Robin) Dods designed the combined residence and surgery, for Dr Arthur C F Halford in 1905.

Dods is popular for incorporating architectural design ideas from the United Kingdom with traditional Queensland forms and materials.

His designs subsequently strongly influenced Australian architecture.

A home with a surgery is a form that Dods was familiar with because his stepfather and brother were also doctors. He also designed the same concept for his brother on Wickham Terrace.

Dr Halford is thought to have lived and worked from 'Turrawan' until 1920, when a lease was let to Alexander Murray for five years.

In 1926 the Post Office Directory lists a Dr Neville Sutton as the occupant, using London Road as his preferred address.

Mrs Halford died in 1932 and in 1935 property subdivisions 98, 99 and 100 in London Road were sold and houses were built on them.

Part of this land appears to have included a portion of the 'Turrawan' tennis court.

 

Inverness, ​58 Fulham Street, Toogoolawah (1917)

Inverness is a large, single-storeyed timber house, situated on the hill top above Toogoolawah. The building shows influences of stylistic trends popular around Federation in the treatment of decorative elements.

The hipped roof has projecting gables above the front entrance, side verandah entrance and billiards room. The roof features decorative eaves and gables with diamond patterned asbestos (Durabestos) shingles and decorative terra-cotta ridges and finials. The two chimneys are tapered and rendered.

 

The building sits on timber stumps.

Verandahs are situated on the eastern, northern and western elevations with tapered timber brackets and valances and vertical timber paling balustrading.

Corners are treated differently, with verandah posts being closer together and the timber valance consisting of open vertical railing.

The main entrance is approached from a circular drive to a double staircase and symmetrical entrance porch. The entrance features floral motif leadlight panels in the door and fanlight.

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Jump To:

Australian Capital Territory Arts and Crafts Architecture

Queensland Arts and Crafts Style

Architect Robin Dods

South Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Northern Territory Arts & Crafts

   Tropical Architect Beni Burnett

Western Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Inverness was erected in 1917 for the Nestlé & Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Company Limited, as the manager's residence associated with their Toogoolawah condensed milk factory.

The enterprise had been established in 1898 by the McConnel family on part of their Cressbrook estate, and was known as the Cressbrook Dairy Company's Condensed Milk Factory.

An early manager's residence of timber and iron was erected adjacent to the factory about the same time.

The village of Cressbrook grew around the factory. With the arrival of the railway linking the town to Ipswich in 1904, the town expanded and was renamed Toogoolawah.

Inverness was designed by Brisbane architect John Henry Burley. His use of asbestos cement roofing tiles and interior wall sheeting was amongst the earliest application of these products in Queensland.[1]

The builder was local contractor DA Menzies, who erected most of the buildings constructed in Toogoolawah until the mid-1920s.[1]

The residence was occupied in 1917 by Archibald C Munro, manager of the factory from 1909 to 1931, and his family.

The Munros named the house Inverness, after the district in Scotland from which AC Munro's father had emigrated. They employed a permanent gardener, cook and housemaid.[1]

Read more:

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La Scala (Craig Athol), 517 Brunswick Street , Fortitude Valley (1915)

This unusual three storey timber house was designed by architect TR Hall, one half of the dynamic duo responsible for City Hall, and built at the start of World War I for a Dr Matheson who called it Craig Athol and lived on the upper 2 floors while running his surgery from the ground.

The design was unique and innovative for its time (and remains so today) thanks to its large rooftop for outdoor living, its bay window stairwell and stylistic trimmings.

After Dr Matheson’s departure it continued its run of doctor owners until the 1970’s when it was subdivided into flats. Today it has been restored and the ground floor divided into three tenancies, none of them medical.

Statement of Significance: 

La Scala demonstrates innovative architectural ideas including the large roof-deck for outdoor living, the free plan forms linked via the stairwell bay, and the stylistic innovation in the use of decorative elements and materials.

La Scala is also significant for the unusual scale and form of the building and retaining walls and the contribution these elements make to the Brunswick Street streetscape.

Also significant is the aesthetic quality of decorative elements including plaster ceilings, timber batten detailing, leadlight panels and timber work.

La Scala is an example of the domestic work of architect TR Hall.

 

Above: The family of Thomas Mathewson, 'Father of Qld. Photography'. The eldest son Jack (centre), was an aerial war photographer in the  first World War. The second son, Thomas (upper RHS) trained as a doctor in Edinburgh, and built La Scala as a doctor's surgery and residence above.

Left: Dr THR Mathewson, top left, older brother Jack, top right.

History 

The three-storeyed timber house was built in 1914 for Dr THR Mathewson to a design by architect TR Hall.

Thomas Mathewson's father, also Thomas, was regarded as the Father of Photography in Queensland and travelled extensively.

Mathewson and Co photographers were leaders in this field and were responsible for training and equipping most of Queensland’s early photographers.

Dr T.H.R.Mathewson

  • Being of Scottish decent, Thomas Henry Reeve Matheson, known as Harry, was eligible for a Carnegie Trust Scholarship.

  • Harry commenced study for his medical degree at the University of Edinburgh in 1905 and graduated as a Doctor of Medicine in 1909.

  • He returned some years later to Edinburgh for post-graduate work. Harry was a great supporter of the medical needs of the extended families and treated them without cost.

Mathewson named the house Craig Athol. He operated his practice from the ground floor and lived in the house above.

In 1923 he moved his practice to Wickham Terrace but continued to live in the house, renting out the ground floor to another doctor.

Dr. T. H. R Mathewson was Director of Maternal and Child Welfare. Department of Health and Home Affairs from 1937-1947, when he retired to take up private practice.

He had filled the office for the past 10 years, and was associated with the service when it was first established by the Government in March, 1918.

The house and surgery were owned and occupied by a number of doctors over the years before being turned into flats in the 1970s.

The original stables were demolished and a small addition was built on the rear of the house.

In 1980 the property was bought by its current owner who is restoring it.

The ground floor, which was enlarged in the 1980s, housed an architectural practice for some years until 1992 and is now divided into three separate tenancies.

Description

 

La Scala is a three-storeyed timber building which sits on a narrow corner site overlooking Brunswick Street and has a hipped terracotta tiled roof with decorative finials.

The three levels are dissimilar in plan, and consist of offices on the ground floor and a single residence on each of the floors above linked via a stairwell bay. The building shows influences of a mixture of stylistic trends in the treatment of materials and the spatial organisation.

Levels one and two have terracotta tile awnings with timber brackets.

Two offices have been added to the rear of the ground level, and a rear bedroom and side bathroom, both with corrugated iron skillion roofs, have been added to level two.

The office foyer has an external timber door with glass sidelights and fanlight, and an internal timber door with decorative leadlight in the door, sidelights and fanlight.

The foyer to level two features decorative leadlight in the sidelights, fanlight and oval window.

The internal timber stair balustrade consists of wide battens with a stylised tulip fretwork motif, and the bay has casement windows.

All public rooms on levels one and two feature decorative plaster ceilings, which vary in design from room to room.

The lounge and dining rooms on level two, separated by a timber screen, have the most ornate ceilings consisting of borders of fruit.

Internal walls are single skin vertically jointed boards. Windows are mainly casement with fanlights above and french doors open onto verandahs and the front deck.

 

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South Australian Arts and Crafts Architecture style

"Edwardian/Federation buildings are not common in the city of Adelaide, nor particularly is the Arts and Crafts influence of that era common..." - Harriet Edquist

Lee's Theatre Club, 307 Young Street Wayville (1912)

 

Lee's Theatre Club (former Dwelling, Lutheran Youth Hostel) designed by Mr. Walter Charles Torode, (1858-1937) formerly one of Adelaide's best known master builders and contractors

The house could be described as having a split personality.

It has many of the characteristics of the Arts and Crafts movement in its wall treatment, window detail and roof line.

However attached to the east elevation of the building is a whimsical section with curved walls and crenulated parapets indicative of a medieval castle.

Significance

Walter Charles Torode was a builder who used innovative building technology. In 1903, Torode’s major project was the construction of the spires on St. Peter’s Cathedral.

Many of his residential buildings combined the detail of the Arts and Crafts movement together with new construction methods to produce houses of aesthetic appeal and an eclectic personality.

Though the work of Walter Charles Torode is well represented in the SA Heritage Register, this house at 307 Young Street, Wayville exhibits Torode's role as a designer and builder for a client.

  • It also has unusual aesthetic appeal. The house could be described as having a split personality.

  • It has many of the characteristics of the Arts and Crafts movement in its wall treatment, window detail and roof line. However attached to the east elevation of the building is a whimsical section with curved walls and crenellated parapets indicative of a medieval castle.

  • Other dwellings designed by Torode that are State Heritage Places are:

    1. Former Dwelling (built 1908), 34 Unley Road, Unley

    2. 'Bellevue Place' (built 1910), 8 Bellevue Place, Unley Park and

    3. 'Amphi-Cosma' (built 1927), 305 Young Street, Wayville.

      This house was built by the noted Adelaide builder Walter C. Torode for his own use in 1914. It is of particular interest because of its unique design and construction, a noteworthy feature being a central reinforced concrete pillar and a series of radiating beams. This method of construction was used to combat subsidence and cracking, which were likely given the nature of the soil. 

 

Description:

A large house set down in a low block and constructed of rendered masonry with a series of curved bays and a square tower turret.

The second floor level has a large balcony facing north with curved arch opening with windows behind, and a southern balcony has a similar coved soffits to upper level roof line as Amphi Cosma adjacent (305 Young St.).

This house is set in a garden with mature trees, in particular a Norfolk Island pine and other pines.

History:

Edwin Ellis, a well-known confectioner and restaurateur purchased the property on the corner of Young Street and Joslin Street in 1912.

In the same year, he commissioned noted Adelaide builder Walter Torode to construct a 10-roomed house to satisfy his needs.

Following the death of Ellis, the house passed to his two eldest children as executors of his estate, however his wife remained in the house until her death in 1949.

The property was then sold in 1950 to Theodore and Clemens Koch for ₤7,600.

The property then passed through a number of hands before it was purchased by the Evangelical Lutheran Church in 1964. The church used the building as a (Lutheran) Youth Hostel and converted most of the house to fulfil that role.

The property changed hands again in 1970 and in 1971, when the property was used by Marbury School for educational purposes.

In 1974, the property was purchased by Lee’s Theatre Club whom is still the current owners.

These owners have progressively removed latter additions to restore the building to its original 1912 configuration.

Read more:

 

Eaton House, 2 Fitzroy Terrace  Thorngate SA (1913)

This Federation home was designed by Adelaide Oval scoreboard designer Kenneth Milne and built in 1913 for his brother.

Its previous owners included a member of the famed Holden family (saddlers, carriage trimmers and motor body manufacturers) and also one time home of the Greek Consulate.

Eaton House has had a long and rich history before falling on hard times.

However, it was its run-down nature that appealed to Liz Peter, when she and her husband bought the Fitzroy Tce property five years ago.

"It was in a mess. And it was the perfect renovation," Mrs Peter says.

"We left it structurally as it was. A lot of people said 'why don't you bulldoze it' but it's a very grand home.

"It's one of the iconic homes in Adelaide" and listed as a 'Stately Home of Fitzroy and Medindie'.

Mrs Peter says the home had an austere style to it.

"We wanted to keep its original structure and design and not take away from its age and history."

“It was bare of cornices. It was all square set and manly,” she says. 

“Basically,

  • we’ve put in big cornices,

  • we’ve painted every room,

  • we’ve replaced all of the ceilings,

  • we ripped out the kitchen and put in a new one.”

  • installed an HIA Award Winning Extension 2014

However, Mrs Peter says she didn’t want Eaton House to be a shell with a modern interior.

Instead, they went to great trouble to retain parts of the original carpet and the original doors.

"We wanted to keep some part of it. We stripped back and painted all the doors," she says.

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“Renovated to luxurious perfection, this large and stately residence set in beautiful manicured grounds of approximately 2000 m2 combines the dignity of yesteryear with sensational resort-style relaxation featuring a sparkling gas-heated pool with waterfall spa, synthetic half tennis court and alfresco pavilion complete with entertainer’s kitchen.[1]

The dream kitchen is a celebration of French Provincial style with its jaw-dropping 4-metre island bench topped with Black Maquina Spanish marble; chef’s selection of Miele and Smeg appliances and 007-style butler’s pantry complete with Miele convection microwave, 2-drawer dishwasher and hidden touch cupboard for amplifiers etc. 

The home is believed to contain a cellar with capacity for 6,000 wine bottles, with added features including a home theatre room, pool and spa.

Read more:

 

Villa Stresa, 258-260 Stanley Street North Adelaide (1913)

1913 Edwardian Arts and Crafts style two storey residence and masonry boundary walls to Stanley Street and Lefevre Terrace. 

This house is an excellent example of an Edwardian Arts and Crafts style mansion constructed during the Federation period.

It retains important stylistic elements including roughcast render masonry walls, a tall chimney, terracotta tiled roof, an oriel window and strapped gables. 

This house was constructed during 1912-13 for Robert Gamble Taylor and his wife Annie who were residents of Mt Gambier at the time.

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Once completed in 1914, the house on LeFevre Terrace was leased and sold soon after. After passing through a number of hands, it was bought by Mary Tolley, the widow of Albion Everard Tolley.

Mary was a director of A E & F Tolley, the wine and spirit merchant company which had been established by Albion Tolley and his brother Frederick Osborne Tolley in 1877.

In November 1928, the architects Garlick & Jackman completed plans for additions and alterations to the house, which were approved by the council on 21 January 1929.

Further alterations were made in 1939, when the garage on LeFevre Terrace was extended with a separate laundry.

In December 1949, the architects Woods, Bagot, Laybourne-Smith & Irwin produced drawings for the construction of the 'sleep out', located above the lounge on the southwest corner of the house.

This large internal area with its series of casement windows, replaced the original balcony. These changes did not compromise the essential Edwardian characteristics of the house, and the same external finishes continued to be used.

This house remains an important indication of the type of residences constructed at that time, and the use of design sources from Europe and Britain including Queen Anne and Arts and Crafts

Read more:

 

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Former 'Krichauff', 353 Portrush Road Toorak Gardens, SA (1914)

Two storey bungalow/Arts and Crafts residence.

Key features include

face red brick walls with upper rendered sections,

projecting Oriole windows and timber verandahs

with Marseilles terracotta tiled roof.

Set back amongst established garden grounds the magnificent character residence is a superb blend of old world charm and contemporary, with

  • high decorative ceilings and cornices,

  • beautiful timber floorboards and

  • character fireplaces and the more modern conveniences with

  • a recently refurbished kitchen with breakfast bar,
    it makes for the ideal family residence. 


Enter the residence in the grand entrance hall and immediately you appreciate the beautiful timber work and lead light windows leading upstairs and providing a wonderful light filled atmosphere.

Leading from the entrance hall is the large formal dining room with character fireplace and box window with window seat providing views over the garden.

Description:

Double storeyed red brick building with terra cotta tiled roof and protruding bay window on the top storey.

History:

The house was built by F.C. Krichauff, civil servant, who occupied it for many years.

D.K. Goldsmith, share broker, then occupied it until it passed to K.J. & B.K. Brown.

Read more:

 

The Cedars, Heysen Road, Hahndorf SA (1924)

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News.com.au - Story August 24 2018

Grand plans are envisaged for the old home of Hans Heysen but not everyone is happy
Michael McGuire, SA Weekend
August 24, 2018 9:30pm

"HANS Heysen is one of South Australia’s most famous painters but as his grand home falls into disrepair, new plans are unveiled for a $22 million “light box” aimed at attracting new visitors."

"There is enormous potential to develop a globally attractive tourism attraction. Those backing the project use two touch stones to sell the idea of what is possible with a rejuvenated Heysen:

eg 

  • Hobart’s acclaimed Museum of Old and New Art and 

  • the house of French impressionist painter Claude Monet.

 

At the moment though you could easily drive into Hahndorf and not be aware The Cedars is there at all." 

Read more...

 

Originally, the Cedars was a diverse group of early rural farm buildings, built in the late 1800s. The farm included the farm house, a coach house, stables and sheds.

Hans Heysen bought the property in 1912 from Earnest Jackson butchers for £1500 for both the residence and surrounding 36 acres.

The construction of a purpose-built studio in 1913, adaptations to the main house in 1919 and 1923, and Nora’s conversion of the stables to a studio in 1930 have contributed to the Cedars as it is today.

The house and studio also display elements of the Heysen’s German heritage, including some of the timberwork and window detailing.

'The Cedars' is one of Australia's historic and artistic treasures and needs Help to become a modern museum of national standing.

Description

Heyson House is two-storey with [rendered] stone and brick walls, hipped and gabled corrugated iron roof,

  • timber barge-boards to gable,

  • timber-framed openings with timber doors and

  • multi-paned casements and mullion windows,

  • redbrick chimneys,

  • bay windows and glass-infilled porch (stoep).

 

Hans Heysen’s studio is an ‘Arts & Crafts’ inspired building

  • designed by architects Conrad & Conrad, in collaboration with Heysen.

  • constructed of large blocks of coursed Verdun white limestone

  • with stone detailing, fireplace and chimney,

  • visible bluestone foundations and plinth,

  • and a gable roof clad with Federation-style Marseilles terracotta tiles imported from France.

 

Features include

  • a large ‘picture’ window comprising three attached tall frosted (for light-control) lights with multi-paned fanlights,

  • projecting chimney flanked by mullioned windows,

  • timber door and internal partition,

  • and a heavy timber lintel to fireplace inscribed with ‘The Cedars’.

 

Nora’s studio is a stone building with brick dressings, corrugated iron roof, red-brick chimney and timber casement windows. The former laundry has timber-framed walls with weatherboard cladding, casement windows and red-brick chimney.

 

  • The garage is red-brick with timber detailing, corrugated iron roof & store-room.

  • The gardens include some original gum trees which inspired Heysen’s work, pine and cedar trees planted in 1870, and roses and many other plants planted by Sallie Heysen and her family.

  • The bushland comprises about 100 acres of indigenous trees and understorey.

 

Statement of Heritage Value

Hans Heysen is one of Australia’s greatest artists and the property which he and his family created and lived in for over 50 years is considered to be and should be a National Treasure but is not a declared National Treasure.

Now a museum, the house, various outbuildings, studios, gardens and bushland combine to provide insight into the life of a great artist and early conservationist.

Can you help with the conservation of this artistic treasury?

Statement of Significance: 

The highest heritage significance of 'The Cedars' resides in its historical and artistic associations with the notable 20th century South Australian artist, Hans Heysen, and his immediate family, who lived there for over 75 years from 1912.

Architecturally, the residence and purpose-built studio demonstrate a high degree of aesthetic accomplishment, reflecting the artist's familial (German) traditions and his personalisation of the Federation Arts and Crafts Style.

  • The high integrity of the fabric, including original furnishings and possessions belonging to the family, enhances its ability to reflect the personality and attitudes of Hans and Sallie Heysen, whose philosophy and traditions have given the property its essential character.

  • Its rural setting amongst tall gum trees and traditional flower gardens provided a constant source of inspiration for the artist.

  • 'The Cedars' is an unusually complete and well-preserved example of a notable family's long and continuous occupation and everyday lifestyle. 

 

The house has been little altered since the 1960s, and has been kept as a capsule to demonstrate the work and way of life of Hans Heysen and his family during the early to mid-20th century.

The aim of the museum has been to retain the Cedars as closely as possible to how it was when Hans Heysen and his family lived there.
The property includes:

  • Main house, former residence of Hans Heysen and his wife and children.

  • Hans Heysen’s purpose-built freestanding studio

  • Garage with attached store-rooms

  • Nora Heysen’s studio (former stable) with attached shop and former laundry

The Cedars main house
The main house is located to the north of the garage and is surrounded with footpaths laid in white metal gravel and cottage-style gardens. The house was first built in c1880 as a six-roomed return verandah stone villa, although due to additions made in 1919 and 1923, the stone villa is not recognisable.


In 1912 the house was extended to nine rooms. This included a new room built on the east side; which included a cellar underneath, the extension of the original verandah on the north and west side of the house, and a new verandah on the south side.

In 1913 further additions including a new kitchen and bathroom extended it to 11 rooms. Heysen undertook further additions in 1919.

The additions were designed by architect E. Philips Danker and are responsible for giving the original Victorian cottage its Germanic, Federation Arts and Crafts style.

It was during this time that the house was substantially remodelled.

Many of the original internal walls were removed to create a more open plan and larger rooms. The verandah on the north side was filled in to create a new entrance and a bay window to the main bedroom.

In 1923 E. Philips Danker designed further renovations including a new lobby, kitchen and study on the south side.

A first floor was added over these rooms which included three bedrooms and a dressing room. These additions in the Federation Bungalow style increased the house to 16 rooms.

 

The interior of the house has a strong Federation Arts and Crafts character.

It was once a series of small rooms, however, the removal of many of the original walls opened up the ground floor giving it an open plan feel.

 

The main feature of the interior of the house is the timber joinery.

This includes extensive wainscoting, exposed ceiling beams, built-in cupboards and shelving and decorative architraves.

Fixtures such as the door latches, hinges, fire hooks and water-heads are in the Art Nouveau style.

The floors are timber floor boards and the walls are rendered stone or brick. There are fireplaces in many of the rooms which are face-brick.

Every room in the house displays the Heysen’s furniture and Hans’ art work can be found on the walls in every room.
 

The buildings are located on a 36.5-acre property off Heysen Road, near Hahndorf in the Adelaide Hills.

The front boundary of the property is hedged with the cedar and pine trees planted c1880 by Wheelwright, one of the original owners of the property.

 

The main house is located fairly close to the road and is accessed by a short driveway with a car park to the side of the house, for use by visitors.


On arrival to the Cedars, visitors walk up the driveway and through a gate to the museum shop.

Museum shop and Nora’s Studio
The shop and Nora’s Studio is a two-room stone building with timber-framed additions on two sides.

The building was originally built as a single-room stable or coach-house in the 1880s.

In the 1900s, a second stone room was added to the stable which included a fire place on the east wall, a window and door on the north wall, and a window on the west wall.

These two rooms each have a gable roof and are clad in corrugated iron. These two rooms form the middle section of the building and are constructed of random-paddock stone with red brick window surrounds.

In addition to the second stone room, in the 1900s, a timber-framed structure was attached to the east side of the building.

This was originally used for storage of farm equipment and machinery. Today, this section is the entrance to the shop.

This part of the building is clad in timber with timber framed windows and a door. Surrounding this part of the building is a large veranda and deck.

In 1912, an additional room was attached to the west side of the building.

This timber-framed room is timber-clad and was used as a laundry and saddle room. It includes a stone fire place with red-brick quoins. It has a hipped roof clad in corrugated iron. There are windows and doors on the north and south side of the building.

From 1913 until 1930 further additions were constructed including a tool shed built on the east side in 1927 and the installation of a sky light over the original stable building in 1930.

In the 1960s, the former studio was converted to a gallery space displaying Nora’s artwork.

Surrounding the studio is a cottage-style garden.

Internally, the floors are timber and the walls are rough rendered.

There are examples of Nora’s paintings on the walls and some of her painting equipment.

Other furnishings include the sewing machine depicted in Hans Heysen’s well known painting Sewing.

Read more:

 
North-eastern side, showing entrance

Northern Territory Arts & Crafts

The first town destined for success in the Northern Territory was Palmerston, eventually called Port Darwin, then Darwin.

John Lort Stoke snamed Port Darwin after his former ship mate Charles Darwin during a visit to the area in 1839 aboard the Beagle.

George Goyder, as South Australian Surveyor-General, had read Stokes's journals and established Palmerston at this location in 1869.

It may be unfair to suggest that its success depended upon the Overland Telegraph Line.

Suffice it to say, this line necessitated settlements north from South Australia to the Timor Sea. -Source

After Pearl Harbor was bombed in December 1941 during the Second World War, the Commonwealth government ordered that all women and children be evacuated from Darwin, Australia's most northern town.

  • Darwin had first been settled in 1870. It had suffered major cyclones in 1897 and 1937 and had barely recovered when this latest disaster struck.

  • After the first bombing raid on Darwin by the Japanese on 19 February 1942 the town (and most of the Top End) came under military control; not until February 1946 were civilians allowed to return to their homes.

The place was a shambles. Apart from structural damage, all town lands, formerly freehold, had been resumed and the only tenure available was short term leases.

 

The plan had been to relocate and rebuild the centre of Darwin further up the peninsula on which it stands but after the bureaucrats in Canberra decided that

  • neither the Hotel Darwin nor the Shell oil terminal was to be moved and

  • the Roman Catholic bishop flatly refused to move his church,

  • the plan was doomed.

  • In 1949 the first leasehold auctions of residential land were held. 

In 1951 Administrator Frank Wise wrote to the Department of Territories stating:

"It is imperative...that early action should be taken to enable residents of the Northern Territory, other than officers and employees of the Government to obtain homes of an adequate standard…" 

 

Before Cyclone Tracy (1975), few houses were built in the Northern Territory, other than those constructed for government employees.

 

 

Tropical Architect Beni Burnett

A number of Darwin homes from this period were designed by Commonwealth architect, Beni Burnett. Some of these homes, located at Myilly Point, still exist.

 

 From Wikipedia:

In July 1937 Burnett was appointed Architect Grade One in the Works and Services Branch of the Department of the Interior. He commenced work in the newly created Darwin office.

His role was to design a series of tropical houses for senior public servants and military personnel. He produced several different designs which had similar features.

They predominantly were elevated, with steeply pitched roofs.

The bedrooms were grouped around or adjacent to the central living area.

Asbestos louvres and screened walls allowed for airflow throughout the house.[2] 

 

Of his remaining houses, the heritage-listed Burnett House in Myilly Point in Darwin is his best known.[4]

In February 1942, Darwin was bombed by the Japanese and Burnett was evacuated to Alice Springs.

In Alice Springs Burnett designed a number of houses for the Central Australian climate, including the Riverside Hotel (now the Todd Tavern).[5] 

Many of his residential buildings now make up the Hartley Street heritage precinct in Alice Springs.[2] 

These include number 75, 80, 81, 82, 84 and 86 Hartley Street and 81 Bath Street.[6]

Beni Carr Glynn Burnett (1889-1955) was born in Mongolia, the son of Scottish Presbyterian missionaries, and raised in China. He worked as an architect in China and Singapore, and travelled through Europe, North America and Japan. In 1934 he came to Australia and in 1937 he was appointed Architect in the Works and Services Branch, Department of Interior, and commenced work in its newly established Darwin office. 
 

His first task was to design high quality "tropical" housing for executive public servants and military personnel.

Burnett's designs were influenced by the architecture of Southeast Asia.

  • His designs maximised new materials such as asbestos cement sheeting,

  • corrugated roof cladding and

  • a unique form of louvres with patterning by casement windows.

  • He utilised ventilation and designed living spaces to suit the climate of Darwin.

 

In Darwin, Burnett also designed houses at the RAAF Base (RNE 16338 and 16339) and the Sergeants Mess and the Headquarters Building, 1940 (RNE 016321, 014936, 014937) at the Larrakeyah Barracks. 


Burnett had a long term influence on local architecture in both civilian and military housing. He was evacuated from Darwin to Alice Springs following Japanese air raids in 1942. He designed a number of houses in Alice Springs which are quite different to his tropical designs for coastal Darwin. He remained in Alice Springs until his death in 1955. - Australian Heritage Database

Read more:

 
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Australian Capital Territory Arts and Crafts Architecture

Queensland Arts and Crafts Style

Architect Robin Dods

South Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Northern Territory Arts & Crafts

   Tropical Architect Beni Burnett

Western Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Audit House, 2 Burnett Place
Larrakeyah 0820 NT (1934)

 

The Giese Residence, formerly known as Audit House, is a large timber framed, fibro clad construction elevated on concrete stumps, designed by architect Beni Burnett.

The residence is one of a number built in this part of Darwin for high-ranking public servants in the 1930s.

It is now a rare example of a large-scale housing form used in Darwin during 1920-1940.

This house (1934) is carefully designed for climate and is located within a large and Well established Garden.

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The house is clad with fibro sheeting and features preformed fibro louvres, side hung windows, a hipped gable roof clad with corrugated asbestos sheets, and ridge vents.

The plan of the house includes a large living space with three quarter high louvred partitions dividing off the bedrooms on one side.

At the rear are the kichen, bathroom and toilet.

 

The house suffered minor damage during World War Two and was repaired in 1946. Both the house and its gardens were considerably damaged by Cyclone Tracy in 1974.

From 1979-82 the Department of Transport and Works (DTW), Darwin, fully restored the house to almost original condition. The fine tropical garden was established by the Gieses after 1974. 

 

The residence is one of a number built in this part of Darwin for high ranking public servants late in the 1930s.

  • The first occupant was Mr S O'Brien, the Commonwealth Auditor, from 1938-39.

  • During World War Two the house was used as a rest home for nurses.

  • After World War Two it was occupied by a succession of residents from different government departments:

    • Mr L H A Giles, Government Secretary, 1946;

    • Mr Frank Moy, Director of Native Affairs, 1947 -49, 1950 -53; and

    • Mr R McCaffery, Acting Director of Native Affairs until October 1954.

    • Mr Harry Giese, the first Director of Welfare, took residence from late October 1954 and this has been the family home of the Gieses since then. 

 

In 1982 the Northern Territory Government presented the property to the National Trust of Australia (Northern Territory) under an agreement which gives Mr and Mrs Giese life tenancy provided the house and gardens are open to the public for a number of days every year. 

The house and gardens are within the registered Tropical Executive Housing Precinct. 

Read more:

Tropical Executive Housing Precinct

The Myilly Point Heritage Precinct is a group of four pre-war houses built for executive level public servants in the late 1930s.

The precinct contains four houses: Audit House, Burnett House, Magistrates House and Mines House

  • Audit House (Type B Amended) on Lot 1098 was designed by the Commonwealth Government (probably Wilfred Haslam) and the other three houses were designed by BCG Burnett.

  • Burnett House (Type K) on Lot 1099 is the only two-storey house on the precinct.

  • The other two houses on Lots 1101 and 1102 are Type E residences.

 

Statement of Significance

The precinct is of outstanding significance as a unique and related group of pre war houses built for executive level public servants, illustrating several designs of the notable architect B C G Burnett (Criteria F.1 and H.1). 

In combination, the houses create a unified precinct which makes a powerful aesthetic contribution to Darwin (Criterion E.1). 

The houses are associated with senior public servants, including H G Stoddart, H Barclay, W Littlejohn, G Letts, C K Ward and S Dodds who have been influential in Northern Territory government policy formation and administration since 1938 (Criterion H.1). 

The houses illustrate the development of Commonwealth Territorial Government in Darwin.

They are also associated with the Australian Womens' Army Service (AWAS) occupation of the area in the latter stages of World War Two and immediately thereafter (Criterion A.4). 

The group of houses strongly contributes to an understanding of Darwin's architectural and social history (Criterion C.2).

Read more:

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Barr Residence, 12 Schultze St, Larrakeyah, NT (1941)

“Barr Residence was built in mid-1941, and is a rare remaining example of a series of 16 Government residences designed by notable architect Beni Burnett,” Mr Kirby said.

 

“This particular ‘Type S’ design residence (illustrated at left) is especially significant, as it was temporarily used as part of the military hospital in WWII, as well as being one of only a few structures in the area to have survived Cyclone Tracy.”

The Barr Residence is significant as the last remaining, and a very intact, example of government architect, B C G Burnett's Type S house design which effectively applied tropical design considerations (Criteria B.2, D.2 and H.1). 

 

The house in its original setting is historically important for reflecting one of the forms of public service housing built in Darwin just before the outbreak of the Pacific War (Criterion A.4)(Theme 8.12, Living in and around Australian homes).

 

Description

The house is a four bedroom Type S residence of a design type which was developed by government architect, B C G Burnett in about 1938.

This house, built in 1941, has a timber frame and the walls and roof are clad with asbestos cement.

The roof features exposed rafters and there are brackets to eaves beneath the gable. The building stands on round concrete piers.

It is the only surviving example of a Burnett designed house to retain the use of top hung perimeter shutters. 


Although built for public servant residential use, the house was used by the military as an annex to the adjacent hospital complex during World War Two. It was later used as a child care centre until 1988 when it was acquired by the present owners who reverted it to residential use. 
The house is the last surviving example of Burnett's Type S design and it is one of only eight pre war public service houses still on its present site. It is highly intact. 

5 September 2017 · Darwin, NT · 

Today, the owners of Barr Residence, 12 Schultze Street, were awarded almost $30,000 to replace the roof of their heritage listed and architecturally designed home, as part of the 2017/18 NT Heritage Grants Program.

Read more:

 

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Burnett House, 4 Burnett Pl, Larrakeyah, NT (1939)

Burnett House, constructed in 1939, is one of four houses comprising the significant tropical housing precinct built for executive level public servants at Myilly Point, Darwin. The houses are significant individually and as a group. 

Burnett House, along with the other remaining three houses, are the best surviving examples of the work of B.C.G. Burnett as Architect in the Works and Services Branch, Commonwealth Department of Interior, for civilian occupation. Burnett House is also associated with a number of senior government public servants who lived in the house since its construction (Criterion H.1).

Jump To:

Australian Capital Territory Arts and Crafts Architecture

Queensland Arts and Crafts Style

Architect Robin Dods

South Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Northern Territory Arts & Crafts

   Tropical Architect Beni Burnett

Western Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Beni Carr Glynn Burnett (1889-1955) was born in Mongolia, the son of Scottish Presbyterian missionaries, and raised in China. He worked as an architect in China and Singapore, and travelled through Europe, North America and Japan. In 1934 he came to Australia and in 1937 he was appointed Architect in the Works and Services Branch, Department of Interior, and commenced work in its newly established Darwin office. 

His first task was to design high quality "tropical" housing for executive public servants and military personnel. Burnett's designs were influenced by the architecture of Southeast Asia. His designs maximised new materials such as asbestos cement sheeting, corrugated roof cladding and a unique form of louvres with patterning by casement windows. He utilised ventilation and designed living spaces to suit the climate of Darwin. In Darwin, Burnett also designed houses at the RAAF Base (RNE 16338 and 16339) and the Sergeants Mess and the Headquarters Building, 1940 (RNE 016321, 014936, 014937) at the Larrakeyah Barracks. 

Burnett had a long term influence on local architecture in both civilian and military housing. He was evacuated from Darwin to Alice Springs following Japanese air raids in 1942. He designed a number of houses in Alice Springs which are quite different to his tropical designs for coastal Darwin. He remained in Alice Springs until his death in 1955. 

Tenders for two Type K houses to be constructed at Myilly Point were received in 1938. The only tenderer was G. Kafcaloudes, a well known Darwin builder, whose successful tender was 2,500 pounds for each house. Only one of the houses was built. 

Burnett House, 1939, was built for the the Director of Works and Construction.

At the time of construction the Director of Works was Mr E.W. Stoddart who lived in the house until the bombing of Darwin in 1942.

During the war the house was used as a rest home by the Australian Women's Army Service and, at times provided temporary accommodation for nurses. The house was considerably damaged during World War II and was repaired in 1946. 
 

After World War Two the newly appointed Director of Works and Housing, Mr R.C. Lucas lived in the house (October 1946-July 1950); followed by subsequent Directors

  • Mr. R. C. Jones (July 1950-August 1951); and Mr F.C. Vigdens.

  • The house became the "Successor-in-Office" residence for the Commonwealth Auditor from 1955 until 1980, and was tenanted from 1980-1983. 

  • It fell into poor condition in the 1980s but has been repaired and is now well maintained and open to the public during tours conducted by the National Trust. 

Read more:

 

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Magistrate's House, 2 Kahlin Avenue Larrakeyah 0820 NT (1939)

Believed to be the first house in the Myilly Point Heritage Precinct to be built.

Magistrates House is also a Type “E” house (see also 54 Temira Crescent) designed by Beni Burnett.  

It is believed to have been the first of the houses located in the Myilly Point Heritage Precinct to have been constructed.

George Kafcaloudes, a local builder, was awarded the contract in1939. It was completed later that year and occupied first by magistrate C K Ward.

 

Magistrates House became the headquarters of the National Trust in 2000, and was its home until recently, when the office relocated to Audit House.

Magistrate’s House is now leased by Coffey Environments.

Read more:

 

Mines House, 6 Burnett Place, Larrakeyah, NT (1939)

Mines House, constructed in 1939, is one of four houses comprising the significant tropical housing precinct built for executive level public servants at Myilly Point, Darwin.The houses are significant individually and as a group. 

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Jump To:

Australian Capital Territory Arts and Crafts Architecture

  1. 15 Arthur Circle, Forrest, ACT

  2. Westridge House & Grounds, 55 Banks Street, Yarralumla, ACT
     

Queensland Arts and Crafts Style

Architect Robin Dods

  1. Lyndhurst (The Reid House)
    ​3 London Road, Clayfield

  2. Clayfield House, 8 London Road Clayfield

  3. Inverness ​58 Fulham Street, Toogoolawah

  4. La Scala (Craig Athol),  
    517 Brunswick Street , Fortitude Valley

South Australian Arts and Crafts Style

  1. Lee's Theatre Club, 307 Young Street Wayville

  2. Eaton House, 2 Fitzroy Terrace  Thorngate SA

  3. Villa Stresa, 258-260 Stanley Street North Adelaide

  4. Krichauff, 353 Portrush Road Toorak Gardens

  5. The Cedars, Heysen Road, Hahndorf 

Mines House, along with the other remaining three houses, are the best surviving examples of the work of B.C.G. Burnett as Architect in the Works and Services Branch, Commonwealth Department of Interior, for civilian occupation.

Mines House is also associated with a number of senior government public servants who lived in the house since its construction including Godfrey Letts (Criterion H.1). 

Mines House is Type ‘E’ design of Beni Carr Glynn Burnett.  

The Type ‘E’ is an elevated, timber framed, asbestos cement clad residence.

The original design included asbestos cement roof sheeting which was recently replaced with grey Colorbond sheeting.

There have been a number of changes made since construction, largely due to damage from the aging process.  

For example, a rather special original feature of the design, now gone, was the staged wooden stairway at the front of the house.

 

The National Trust welcomed the return of Mines House in 2011 after being privately leased for over a decade. Mines House is now available for hire for small meetings, while the grounds make a wonderful location for weddings and large functions. Please contact the Trust office for more details.

Read more:

 

Western Australia​ Arts and Crafts Architecture

Government Architect George Temple Poole

George Temple-Poole was born in Rome, Italy to Louise Mary, née Poole, and John George Temple, a Lieutenant Colonel in the British Army.

Poole's father died shortly after the family returned to England following the Crimean War. His mother remarried, altering his surname to Temple-Poole.

He was educated at Winchester College in England. Articled in engineering and architecture[a] to a London engineering firm designing harbour works for the River Thames, he then practised in Ceylon for two years before being appointed to the Public Works Department in Western Australia.[1][2]

The identical railway precincts of Claremont and Walkaway have been identified as examples of Federation Arts and Crafts (formerly called English Domestic Revival Style). [7][8] 

 

Other Federation Arts and crafts building designs include the York railway station buildings, the York Hospital, the Albany Cottage Hospital, the Fremantle Arts Centre Southern extensions, and the Claremont Police Station.

Other buildings such as the York Post Office and residence contain Federation Arts and crafts features.

York is fortunate to have six splendid Arts and Crafts buildings, all designed by Government Architect, George Temple-Poole.  These include the National Trust owned Courthouse. 

George Temple Poole's architectural designs

In June 1885, he was appointed as the Superintendent of Public Works of the Imperial Service in Western Australia. 

 

Poole’s appointment as Chief Architect from 1885 to 1896 coincided with the discovery of gold in Western Australia and the subsequent gold rush building boom.

To Poole is attributed the design of many public buildings throughout the State of WA, including those in such towns as Roebourne, Cossack and Rottnest.

In the Perth Central District, Poole was the architect of the

  • Perth Mint (1897),

  • the Perth Observatory (1896),

  • the Treasury Building (the Government Offices) (1890), and

  • the former Perth Boys’ School (1896). 

George Temple Poole returned to the Public Works Department in 1900 as architect to the Coolgardie Water Supply. 

He is also associated with the foundation of

  • the Western Australian Institute of Architects,

  • the Town Planning Association, and

  • various buildings which he designed in private practice: among them a number of private homes of which Kulahea in Forrest Street, Cottesloe is believed to be the only survivor. 

Of the buildings that Poole designed for the Public Works Department (1885- 1897), those bearing the most similarity to Kulahea are three local post offices,

  • Beaconsfield Post Office (1896),

  • North Fremantle Post Office and Quarters (1892) (now demolished) and

  • Pinjarra Post and Telegraph Office and Quarters (1896).

 

All three of these buildings are strongly influenced by the Federation Queen Anne Style and their asymmetrical planning, steeply pitched gable roofs, half timbering to parts of the upper floor and small porches are reminiscent of Kulahea.

However these buildings are different in that they have the robust solidity of public buildings and do not exhibit the more delicate domestic elements such as leadlight windows which are evident at Kulahea.

Also they do not share some of the stylistic motifs that became popular in the Inter-War period such as roughcast rendered brickwork and casement windows.

 

Interestingly, these buildings were constructed much earlier than Kulahea (1922) but the similarities in their design and construction suggests that Poole continue to develop certain themes and architectural styles throughout his long career.

Poole designed a number of private residences both during and after his resignation from the Public Works Department. Numbered among these were

  • a house for solicitor Fred Curran and

  • his own residences, Wingfield and

  • later Tagel; all of which have since been demolished.

 

Photographs of Tagel show that it has many characteristics in common with Kulahea.

Constructed in 1918, only four years before Kulahea, Tagel is also a substantial example of an Inter-War Old English house that exhibits many of the stylistic elements of Federation Queen Anne Revival.

The composition of the building is asymmetrical with steeply pitched gable roofs, rough cast render masonry walls, bay windows and small porches rather than verandahs.

Both Tagel and Kulahea share the motif of the slightly protruding casement window with a corbelled brick sill.

Source

Read more:

 

 

Daylesford House, (Cyril Jackson's House, Yadgawine), 7 Daylesford Rd Bassendean WA (1898)

Heritage listed Bassendean home, built in 1898 on Swan River banks

PerthNow, January 5, 2016 2:30AM

 

This is the gracious home built for Cyril Jackson who came to Western Australia in 1897 as the State’s first Director General of Education with a mission to reform the education system.

This home has a stately quality. Built in 1898, for Sir Cyril Jackson, a noted West Australian historical figure, Sir Cyril has been credited with reforming the WA education system and has a school in Bassendean named after him.

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Jump To:

Australian Capital Territory Arts and Crafts Architecture

Queensland Arts and Crafts Style

Architect Robin Dods

South Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Northern Territory Arts & Crafts

   Tropical Architect Beni Burnett

Western Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Current owner, Dagmar Barnes, bought the home 40 years ago after seeing an advert in The Sunday Times.

“It has a cheerful spirit and uniqueness that my husband and I loved,” Ms Barnes said.

“We loved the story behind the home. Sir Cyril was a bachelor when he commissioned the home to be built, so unlike some of the homes from that era, it’s not overly massive for modern-day life.”

Ms Barnes researched Sir Cyril extensively and even has a framed portrait of him in the entrance.

The home was built in 1898 for Sir Cyril Jackson. On the Swan River, the property has a billiard room, where it was believed Sir Cyril held dinner parties for esteemed guests who would arrive by boat.

The kitchen was renovated three years ago with granite benchtops and quality finishes.

The home has many original features, including colonial-style ceiling roses, deep, moulded skirting boards and sash windows.


Jump To:

Australian Capital Territory Arts and Crafts Architecture

Queensland Arts and Crafts Style

Architect Robin Dods

South Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Northern Territory Arts & Crafts

   Tropical Architect Beni Burnett

Western Australian Arts and Crafts Style

7 Daylesford, Bassendean is an excellent and finely detailed example of the Federation Arts and Crafts style, both in its external and internal presentation.

A lower storey of brickwork and an upper storey of weatherboard in a style unique among other houses built in the same period.

A billiard room was the locaton for the first meeting of the West Guilford Road Board on 12 July 1901.

The original owner, Cyril Jackson, was the first chairman of the West Guildford Road Board, and was responsible for restructuring Western Australia's education system and later became head of the Greater London Council's education authority.

The roofscape is a combination of gabled, with prominet timber screen gables, and hipped.

The tiled roof also features prominent brick chimneys.

The house contains an unusual ventilation system - a series of primitive ducts channel cool air from ground level to outlets located 4' above floor level of each room.

A brushwood fence encloses the front garden with native and exotic plants and mature trees. Much of the house is concealed by the garden.

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2

The Cliffe 25 Bindaring Parade Peppermint Grove WA (1894)

 

Peppermint Grove is one of the State of Western Australia’s most beautiful suburbs, known for its large character homes set in tranquil tree lined streets.
The area embraces the Swan river and foreshore parks for recreation, and is serviced by a major shopping complex and an extensive range of retail and trade services,

 

  • The Cliffe is a rare example of the use of a weatherboard in a substantial ‘gentleman’s’ residence in Perth which has, intact, the subsidiary buildings of coachhouse, stables, summerhouse, servants cottages, and part of the original gardens. expansive single-storey timber residence (20 rooms).

  • It has historical associations with the prominent McNeil and Brisbane families (owners) and with J. Talbot Hobbs (architect).
     

  • The Cliffe was one of the first houses built in Peppermint Grove, and has a close association with the subsequent subdivision of McNeil Street and the development of the suburb.  for its large character homes set in tranquil tree lined streets.

 

Saved from demolition by community action

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Australian Capital Territory Arts and Crafts Architecture

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Architect Robin Dods

South Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Northern Territory Arts & Crafts

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Western Australian Arts and Crafts Style

August 2013 SOLD – “A wonderful opportunity exists to restore and make this iconic residence yours. With little previous works having been done we can present to you a very well proportioned residence set well atop The Esplanade between McNeil Street and Bindaring Parade.”

  • “Seventeen rooms of the original home are of generous proportions, the northern wing (constructed in the 1950’s) is best demolished to provide room for more garden or facilities, or further improve the river views.”

  • The property (now on 1,630sqm of land) was constructed in 1894. The substantive additions to the dwelling, undertaken in 1899 were designed by prominent Western Australian architect J. Talbot Hobbs and the dwelling has historical associations with the prominent McNeil, Brisbane and McComb families.

  • The Cliffe is one of the most significant places of its period in Western Australia with exceptional historic, aesthetic, technical and social significance. The Cliffe remains a rarity of a mansion constructed almost wholly in timber, in the form of a large bungalow.

  • The Cliffe demonstrates the skilled use of the several architectural lexicons of the day. It is an exemplar of its time because of the high level of authenticity.

  • The Cliffe was a focus for Perth and Peppermint Grove society during the first quarter of this century. The history of the McNeil holding reflects the suburb’s social development. In February 2004 ‘The Cliffe’ was entered onto the WA Register of Heritage Places on a permanent basis under the provisions of the Heritage of Western Australia Act 1990.[1]

  • The dwelling is a bungalow built, predominantly, of jarrah and finished off with imported wrought iron railing. In 1914 Dr James Battye in his Cyclopedia of Western Australia described the dwelling as follows:

 

 

"From the substantial foundation to the shingle roof every part of the structure is of jarrah, and after nearly twenty years – the house having been built in 1894 – every plank and beam and joist remain in as sound condition as when first they were cut to the contractor’s design." 

"Over twenty rooms are roofed beneath these jarrah shingles, and the interior is fitted up with all that art and comfort can suggest, while surrounding the house is a park of ten acres, tastefully laid out with lawns and flower-beds, and further beautified by the introduction of decorative statuary in bronze, collected by Mr McNeil on various trips to England and the Continent."[2]

 

The timber frame and weather board dwelling at 25 Bindaring Parade, ‘The Cliffe’, was constructed in circa 1898 by N McNeil and was subsequently owned by the Brisbane family. It was last sold in 1990’s to the current owner, M Creasy.

  • The dwelling is registered on the Shire of Peppermint Grove’s Municipal Inventory and with the National Trust on 6 March 1984, the Register of the National Estate on 30 June 1992, and the State Register of Heritage Places (original interim listing on 10 October 1995 and permanent listing on 27 February 2004).

 

Owners
The original owner of The Cliffe was Neil McNeil, who purchased the land in 1892 – only one year after Peppermint Grove was surveyed into building allotments. McNeil was one of the owners of the Jarrahdale Timber Company which exported timber for the paving of London Streets at the turn of the century.[2]
 

  • Because of his strong business interest in timber and his conviction of its suitability as a building material, McNeil built his home as a showpiece of jarrah construction. Unfortunately, McNeil’s vision of majestic timber houses, rather than houses constructed of brick and stone, was not shared by the Peppermint Grove Road Board which later legislated against timber construction in the area.

  • The property was sold in 1927, following McNeil’s death, to Lance Brisbane, a prominent West Australian industrialist.[3

  • When Lance Brisbane moved in 1933, Brisbane’s brother, David Brisbane, and his family, occupied The Cliffe until his death in 1960.

  • Dr Harold McComb, a prominent plastic surgeon [4] and Dr Athel Hockey (AO), a renowned geneticist,[5] subsequently purchased The Cliffe and lived there until April 1995.

    • The McComb’s had four sons, two of whom (David and Robert) performed in the iconic [6][7] Australian post-punk rock band, The Triffids.
      According to rock historian, Bleddyn Butcher,

    • “Between 1978 and 1981, the Triffids recorded six collections of original songs at The Cliffe. The house remained a sanctuary and source of inspiration throughout their career. Its peculiar location, an eyrie on Devil’s Elbow overlooking Freshwater Bay, gave David a startling perspective as well as a beautiful view.
       

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3

Forrest Homestead, 

Lot 91 South Western Hwy Picton - now Wollaston (1849-1930)

FORREST HOMESTEAD, MILL & OLIVE GROVE (1849) 

Forrest Homestead is a single-storey brick and tiled house built in stages from c. 1849 to c. 1960.

 

Located on the Preston River, Forrest Homestead was the childhood home of WA’s first Premier Sir John Forrest. Not open to the public.

The 1930s addition is a fine example of the work of prominent architects Eales and Cohen and is surrounded by mature olive trees planted by William Forrest to represent each of his nine sons

The mill was important to the local economy and provided flour for the local area. Not open to the public.

 

Forrest Homestead has cultural significance because: the place has always been the home of members of the Forrest family, a family of exceptional importance in the history of Australia and especially Western Australia;

  • the place is a well-preserved example of an Australian rural homestead which has grown and been adapted to suit the needs of subsequent generations of the same family of owners;

  • the early fabric and especially the 1930s enlargement which comprises the major part of the house are architecturally distinguished and the latter is a fine example of the work of the major Western Australian practice Eales and Cohen;

  • the place includes an important collection of furniture and memorabilia relating to its owners and occupiers and important events with which they were associated (although these are not part of the registration);

  • and, the landmark created by the grouping of the house and the large mature trees contributes to the aesthetic qualities of the landscape.

  • In 2011, it it still owned by William and Margaret's descendants. 

Sir John Forrest was a surveyor, explorer and politician who played a significant role in shaping the future of the country.

 

John Forrest, was an Australian explorer, the first Premier of Western Australia and a cabinet minister in Australia's first federal parliament.

After federation, he moved to federal politics, where he was at various times postmaster-general, Minister for DefenceMinister for Home AffairsTreasurer and acting Prime Minister.

Shortly before he died, Bunbury’s illustrious son became the first native-born Australian to be elevated to the British peerage, his title being Lord Forrest, Baron of Bunbury.

In full his title was first Baron Forrest of Bunbury GCMG PC.

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Minderoo Station was owned by the Forrest family for 120 years and Andrew Forrest, the mining magnate, grew up on the property.

Andrew (Twiggy) Forrest is Australia’s eighth-richest person with a net worth of some $3.33 billion, according to this year’s BRW Rich List.

As major shareholder in Fortescue Metals, his worth is reported to have surged recently as net profits from the miner rose 212 per cent for the 2016 financial year on the 12 months prior.

Forrest holds more than 1 billion shares in the miner, according to Bloomberg. 

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There are three distinct building styles discernible in the exterior of the building which match stages in building.

  • The older part of the building, as defined by the 1930 additions, could be best described as ‘Colonial Vernacular’ as identified in Hocking (1995) which is a Western Australian extension of Apperly (1989).

  • The extensions designed by Eales Cohen and Bennett are in an arts and crafts style defined by Hocking as ‘Inter War Arts and Crafts’.

    • This extension and extensive remodelling of the exterior and interior of the house betrays Eustace Cohen’s intense interest in arts and crafts architecture.

    • Inspection of external walls of the pre 1930 building reveals that there were probably at least one addition to the original 1849 building as both Flemish and Colonial bond brickwork can be discerned.

    • The west verandah was deepened in 1930, but the west wall left intact including two fine cast iron casements in Gothic trace patterning.

  • Forrest Homestead was again altered in the 1960s with a new wing containing a large kitchen, laundry and garage in painted stretcher bond brickwork and aluminium windows.

    • At this time the entire building was re-roofed in Brisbane and Wunderlich Roman pattern clay tiles.

    • Displaying clean brickwork, orange roof tiles, exposed timber eaves, verandahs and regard for climate the style could be described as Late Twentieth Century Perth Regional.

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Australian Capital Territory Arts and Crafts Architecture

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Architect Robin Dods

South Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Northern Territory Arts & Crafts

   Tropical Architect Beni Burnett

Western Australian Arts and Crafts Style

4

Kulahea, 4 Forrest Street, Cottesloe WA (1922)

This house in Perth, known as Kulahea – pronounced coola-here (get it?) – is also a revival of Tudor architecture.

It is the only remaining residence designed by George Thomas Temple-Poole, a British architect well-known for his work in WA between 1885 and 1930.

Built in 1922 for Charles North, who would be Mayor of Cottesloe in 1923, the heritage-listed property has recently been restored and updated.

 

However, true to its historic character, the house still retains its Old English charm through the half-timbering, steep gabled roof and vertical windows. 

Kulahea was designed by the significant Western Australian architect George Temple Poole, who was Chief Architect of the Public Works Department from 1885 to 1896, and is one of a number of private residences designed by Poole, including: 

  1. his own homes Wingfield and later

  2. Tagel as well as

  3. Catlidge, the large stone mansion designed especially for his friend F. D. North CMG, father to Charles Frederic North for whom Kulahea was designed. (Criterion 2.3)

Kulahea is associated with prominent solicitor and politician Hon. Charles Frederic North MLA, who served as Mayor of Cottesloe from 1923 to 1925 and was elected as the independent representative for Claremont in State Parliament from 1923 to 1956

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Australian Capital Territory Arts and Crafts Architecture

Queensland Arts and Crafts Style

Architect Robin Dods

South Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Northern Territory Arts & Crafts

   Tropical Architect Beni Burnett

Western Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Architectural Style of Kulahea

The architectural style of Kulahea comes out of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century interest in reviving vernacular English architectural styles from around the time of Henry VIII.

According to the date of its construction, Kulahea, should be categorised as an Inter-War Old English style house, however, it also contains elements of the Federation Queen Anne and Federation Arts and Crafts styles from which the Inter-War Old English style evolved.

The picturesque asymmetry, half timbering to the upper floor and casement windows with leadlights with Art Nouveau motifs, that are evident in Kulahea are typical of both the Inter-War Old English and the Federation Queen Anne styles.

However the detailing, design and use of materials exhibited at Kulahea does not have the ‘scenographic’ quality sometimes found in the Inter-War Old English style.

Also, the often highly decorative face brickwork typical to both the Inter-War Old English and the Federation Queen Anne styles is not evident at Kulahea rather it exhibits the roughcast rendered brickwork of the Federation Arts and Crafts style.

The use of oriole and bay windows is also typical of this style.


Perhaps the reason that Kulahea does not fit neatly into any historical style is because George Temple Poole’s design style was dated and his architectural influences and were from an earlier era.

There are several good examples of the Inter-War Old style around Perth but Kulahea is unique as an expression of the personal eclectic design style of George Temple Poole

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South Fremantle Post Office (fmr) (Martha Hampton Clinic), 
174 Hampton Rd Sth. Fremantle (1896)

Formerly a government building, the Beaconsfield Post Office, designed in the Dept. of Public Works when George Temple Poole was Chief Architect, was reminiscent of a two storey English country cottage.

The roof was originally shingled.

The Post Office had quarters for the post master and his family. From 1904 the building was called the South Fremantle Post Office.

It was sold to private owners in 1985 and is now a health clinic.

Statement of Significance

Aesthetic significance as a fine example of a former Post Office in the Federation Arts and Crafts style dating from the late nineteenth century.

Historic significance as an example of the Public Works Department under the direction of Chief Architect George Temple Poole.

5

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Australian Capital Territory Arts and Crafts Architecture

Queensland Arts and Crafts Style

Architect Robin Dods

South Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Northern Territory Arts & Crafts

   Tropical Architect Beni Burnett

Western Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Physical Description

Two storey rendered building in the Federation Arts and Crafts style.

Features timber framing to the first floor and a prominent terracotta tile (not original) steeply pitched gabled roof. The roof has five rendered chimneys with corbelling and a half timbered gable which projects and is supported by timber brackets.

There are multi-mullions to the top half of the timber double hung sash windows and large arched window.

Corner rendered steps rise from the pavement to the front entrance.

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6

Vancouver Arts Centre Group (formerly Albany Cottage Hospital)

77-87 Vancouver Street Albany WA (1897)

Albany Cottage Hospital is the heritage site of a former hospital in Albany, Western Australia. The site is also named the Vancouver Arts Centre Group for its later use as a community arts centre.

The buildings and grounds are situated on Vancouver Street, Albany, on a site that overlooks the Princess Royal Harbour.

The main building is constructed from local limestone, with a roof of split jarrah shingles. The hospital was completed in 1897, from the 1886 design of George Temple-Poole,[1] and continued to operate until 1962.

The original building of the former hospital is a fine example of George Temple-Poole's design work and has the following features;

  • dressed limestone walls,

  • she-oak shingle roof,

  • turrets and

  • ornamental woodwork.

 

The 1930s-50s extension of the hospital is face brick to dado height and then cement render finish for the rest of the walls. The roof of this section is corrugated iron. This wing is not sympathetic with the original building.

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Australian Capital Territory Arts and Crafts Architecture

Queensland Arts and Crafts Style

Architect Robin Dods

South Australian Arts and Crafts Style

Northern Territory Arts & Crafts

   Tropical Architect Beni Burnett

Western Australian Arts and Crafts Style

History

The construction of the old hospital began in late 1887 to a design of the Government Architect George Temple Poole. It was a large building for its time and place and over time had gathered many additions. 

The main building is constructed from local limestone, with a roof of split jarrah shingles. The hospital was completed in 1897, from the 1886 design of George Temple-Poole,[1] and continued to operate until 1962.

 
Heritage value

This work by Poole was the first of his many public buildings in the state, and a significant departure in architectural style for the Public Works Department.

The design followed a contemporary movement of architects, such as Edwin Lutyens, that drew influence from the English cottage.

The work is identified as Federation Arts and Crafts, and as an "aesthetically exceptional example" of the architect's work. 

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