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 Federation Architects of NSW

  Federation Architects of NSW

  1. John Horbury Hunt (1838 Canada - 1904) Biography

  2. Walter LIberty Vernon (1846 UK - 1914) Biography Legacy (NSW Govt Architect)

  3. Sir John Sulman (1849 UK -1934) (also a Town Planner) Biography

  4. Jack Hennessy (1853 Ireland?-1924) Hennessy and Hennessy Biography

  5. William Richards (1854 UK - 1944) Biography

  6. Varney Parkes (1859-1935) Biography

  7. Howard Joseland (1860 UK - 1930) Biography

  8. Edward Jeaffreson Jackson (1862 UK -1952) Legacy

  9. Henry Budden (1871 - 1944) (1894 Sulman Award winner) Wikipedia

  10. William De Putron - (1872 - 1925) Legacy Drawings

  11. Thomas Pollard Sampson (1875 Launceston - 1961) Biography

  12. BJ Waterhouse (1876 UK - 1965) Biography

Architect John Horbury Hunt
Federation Architects of NSW\
John Horbury Hunt 
Book John Horbury Hunt, Radical Architect

Architect John Horbury Hunt

John Horbury Hunt (1838 – December 30, 1904) was a Canadian-born architect who worked in Sydney, Australia and rural New South Wales from 1863.

'Hunt brought about a revolution in Australian architecture and was responsible for some of its most powerful and austere landmarks, including

the Convent of the Sacred Heart at Rose Bay,

St Peter's Cathedral Armidale and the

well-known Booloominbah, at Armidale, and

Tivoli at Rose Bay. This 'marine villa' is still credited with the best gable in Australia.

Hunt designed and built cathedrals, churches, chapels, houses, homesteads, stables and schools', said curator Joy Hughes - Museum of Sydney: 

Left: The book: Radical architect: John Horbury Hunt

Horbury Hunt's Notable Architecture

from Wikipedia's list of Australian Architects

Horbury Hunt's Period Residences

Horbury Hunt's Notable buildings
Jump To Horbury Hunt's:


Horbury Hunt's Period Residences
William Damaresq House, Rose Bay.jpg
Cloncorrick, Darling Point
Booloominbah, UNE Armidale

Tivoli, Kambala, Rose Bay

  • The property was known as "Tivoli" of the original Tivoli Estate, and was previously occupied by Captain William Dumaresq and later by merchant James Robinson Love.

  • The spacious building, originally built in 1841,was extended by architect John Horbury Hunt in 1881 and today this building houses Kambala's boarders in Years 7 to 10. Read more

Cloncorrick, Darling Point

Cloncorrick is an historic house of Arts and Crafts style in Darling Point, Sydney, Australia.

Booloominbah, UNE Armidale

Booloominbah is a Queen Anne style Arts and Crafts mansion situated at the University of New England in Armidale, New South Wales, Australia, and is listed on the Register of the National Estate

  • Booloominbah reflects the Gothic revivalist influences of the 'Queen Anne' style that emerged in England and the United States in the last half of the 19th century. Recent refurbishment has restored much of the original decoration. The building has National Trust classification. Read more

Camelot, Kirkham Lane, Kirkham

Camelot, Kirkham Lane, Kirkham

  • See also Camelot, Camden

"Camelot" is a Queen Anne style mansion constructed from brick and has a romantic silhouette of turrets, chimney stacks, gables, arched verandas and projecting bays.

  • "Camelot" was reportedly built with the winnings from "Chester", a racehorse which won the Melbourne Cup in 1877, owned by James White.

  • The house was owned later on by the Faithfull-Anderson family. Camelot also has a fine brick stable with arched wooden ribbing, a brick smokehouse and an octagonal aviary.

  • Camelot is listed on the Register of the National Estate

  • Read more

Tivoli, Kambala, Rose Bay
Cloncorrick, Darling Point
Booloominbah, UNE Armidale
Camelot, Kirkham Lane, Kirkham
Pibrac, Pibrac Avenue, Warrawee

Pibrac, Pibrac Avenue, Warrawee

Pibrac is on the Register of the National Estate (Pibrac and Garden, 11 Pibrac Av, Warrawee, NSW)

  • In 1888, the public servant and patron of exploration Frederick Ecclestone du Faur built his house Pibrac in Pibrac Avenue.

  • The house was designed by John Horbury Hunt, the Canadian architect who settled in Australia and favoured the Arts and Crafts style, as well as the North American Shingle style, which he introduced to Australia.

  • Later alterations were carried out by B.J.Waterhouse. The house is composed predominantly of timber, with extensive use of timber shingles, on a sandstone base. Pibrac is considered a good example of Hunt's work and is listed on the Register of the National Estate

Pibrac, Pibrac Avenue, Warrawee
Fairwater, Point Piper

Fairwater, Point Piper

Fairwater, 560 New South Head Rd, Point Piper NSW, is a large domestic residence designed by John Horbury Hunt, constructed in 1882 with additions made in c.1901 and 1910, with former stable (c.1900s) and garage (1930),

  • Situated on a large suburban allotment fronting Port Jackson with mature garden landscaping including notable trees. Fairwater is listed on the Register of the National Estate

  • "Powerful yet restrained composition in brick and timber, large complex, manages to successfully modulate its scale so that it appears disarmingly domestic.

  • Buildings and grounds are amongst the last of the great suburban estates remaining intact. Estate is historically important, having been connected with the Whites of Cranbrook and the Fairfax family, who still retain ownership."

  • Mrs Fairfax died in 2017, leaving this estate to the public of NSW. (Stay tuned)

Fairwater, Point Piper
Tudor house School
Trevenna at New England University3.jpg

Hamilton House now Tudor house School

Originally Hamilton House, this design was to be a retirement home for Alick Osborne of Barrengarry.

  • Built in 1891, Hamilton House is a large and powerfully designed brick house with a gabled slate roof, and tall corbelled chimneys in the Old English Domestic Revival style.

  • The entrance porch was ingeniously designed to overcome chilly western winds using a double arched entrance. [1]

  • Now known as Tudor House, the building became the preparatory school for the King's School in 1902.


Trevenna, UNE, Armidale

Trevenna is the residence of the Vice-Chancellor of the University of New England, in ArmidaleNew South Wales,

  • Trevenna, UNE, was designed by Canadian-born, Boston-trained architect, John Horbury Hunt

  • Trevenna house was built in 1892 and is located off Trevenna Road on the western side of the main campus in Armidale

  • Trevenna is listed on the Register of the National Estate

  • Trevenna was originally the home of the Wrights, a prominent New England family of graziers. It was originally built for Mrs Eliza Jane Wright.

  • The homestead and its grounds were bequeathed to UNE as the Vice-Chancellor’s residence in 1960 by Mrs Florence May Wilson -

Hamilton House
Glen Alpine. Werris Creek

The Highlands, Highlands Ave, Wahroonga

The Highlands is one of the last houses John Horbury Hunt ever built.

  • John Horbury Hunt was instrumental in bringing the North American Shingle Style to Australia. The outstanding example of this style was Highlands, a two-storey home designed by Hunt and built for Alfred Hordern in 1891.

  • Situated in Highlands Avenue, Wahroonga, Sydney, Highlands is listed on the Register of the National Estate.

  • Highlands is regarded as one of the finest examples (and, by some, as THE finest example) of his original shingled style. He was certainly at the height of his powers when he designed it.


Glen Alpine. Werris Creek

Glen Alpine, Homestead designed by the renowned architect John Horbury Hunt,
was a large home, with productive country farmland, 4 hours from Sydney, 55km from Tamworth.

  • The stunning 6 bedroom home was built in 1886. 

Historic $4.5 million mansion sells, then burns down

Lucy Macken October 17, 2014

The historic 1886-era homestead Glen Alpine near Tamworth has burnt down in suspicious circumstances. The historic 1886 homestead Glen Alpine near Tamworth has burnt down, two days before its sale for $4.5 million was due to settle.

The Highlands
Glen Alpine
Architect Walter LIberty Vernon
Randwick Fire Station

Architect Walter Liberty Vernon, NSW


Walter Liberty Vernon (11 August 1846 – 17 January 1914) is noted for designing multiple government buildings which are still standing, many of which have a heritage listing. (see below)

  • "The public will see his monuments for a long time - perhaps for all time - in the city and in the country". - Prime Minister of Australia, Joseph Cook


Vernon's Career in Australia

Vernon established a private practice in Sydney. Commissioned to build a department store for David Jones Ltd (George and Barrack streets, 1885), Vernon designed his own home, Penshurst, at Neutral Bay in 1884.

  • He bought adjoining land where he designed and built several villas. From 1 October that year until February 1889 he was in partnership with W. W. Wardell.

On 1 August 1890 Vernon was appointed government architect in the new branch of the Department of Public Works which had been created to allow private architects to compete for the design of all public buildings estimated to cost over £5000. The government architect was to supervise the construction, with a commission paid to the selected architect.

  • For new work below £5000 and for all alterations and maintenance, Vernon was required to make do with the remnants of James Barnet's staff (73 in 1890, reduced to 44 by 1893). Of three competitions held, only one resulted in a completed building (Grafton gaol, 1891).

  • By the end of 1894 Vernon showed that the new system cost twice as much as designs from his own office: competitions were never reinstated during his tenure. but later joined the Government Architect's Branch in 1890 as Government Architect. The activities of this office were boosted in 1894 when extra funding was committed as a way of creating relief work during the Depression.

Walter Liberty Vernon
Irwin House, Silverwater Gaol
The Chalet Govt House

Vernon's Architectural Styles

He employed a range of styles, but all reflecting his early training and English influences.

1. Vernon's Queen Anne designs

In the early 1890s Vernon was the leading NSW exponent of the emerging local variant of the Queen Anne Revival that today is known as the Federation style. Rather than employing the neoclassical for public buildings, he continued to experiment, as he had been doing since his arrival in Sydney, with acclimatising the Queen Anne Revival style to suit NSW.


Irwin House (1891-92)

In his design for Irwin House at the Newington Asylum (now Silverwater Gaol), Vernon combined English institutional planning with colonial forms.

  • Whilst still a Queen Anne Revival style building, Irwin House shows how Vernon was refining the design of his public buildings to suit the Australian climate, employing details that were drawn from Eastern sources.

  • Built in 1891-92 as staff quarters, the building was constructed, as the other asylum buildings had been, within the extensive landscaped grounds of Blaxland’s Newington House on the banks of the Parramatta River at Silverwater.

The Chalet, Government House (1891)

The Chalet, designed by Vernon to sit immediately adjacent to the Gothic Revival Government House designed by Edward Blore, is a substantial timber residence built to accommodate the Governor’s Chief of Staff.

  • A two-storey timber villa with a deliberately asymmetrical brick chimney and oriel windows, the Chalet continues the series of picturesque lodges built in the Domain, rather than following the Gothic Revival style of the main house.

The court house at Maclean and the adjacent Post Office and Police Station, constructed between 1892 and 1896, show the informality made possible by the use of the Queen Anne Revival.

The Chalet
Irwin House
Vernon's Queen Anne designs
Vernon's Architectural Styles
Mount Victoria Post Office 1914
Hay Court House

2. Vernon's Domestic Scale Buildings in Federation Queen Anne style

"It is gratifying to be able to report that, as a whole, the New South Wales modern police buildings compare most favorably with those in England, and in some respects I am of the opinion, are superior." - Vernon.

Left: Mount Victoria Post Office 1914

  • The distinguishing feature of this standard design was the use of one verandah to the side entrance and a second verandah to the front, separated by a gable with an arch headed window.


Vernon's Queen Anne public architecture


Left: Hay Court House (1892)

Later Vernon favoured what were later known as Federation styles such as

Vernon's Domestic Scale Buildings
Caves House Jenolan
Katoomba Courthouse and Police Station

3. Vernon's Federation Arts and Crafts designs

Jenolan Caves House

A great hotel designed by Walter Liberty Vernon

  • Physical description: Federation Arts & Crafts: a two storey building with a ground floor of dark red brick and a first floor of cream rough cast with sandstone coping and tall terracotta chimney pots.

  • Caves House appears to be his first public building employing an English vernacular revival style.

  • Caves House can be seen as influenced by the large country houses in England such as Standenin Sussex, St. Alban’s Court in Kent, Avon Tyrrell in Hampshire and Cragside in Northumberland.

4. Vernon's Federation Free Style Designs

During Vernon's period as NSW Government Architect he developed his distinctive 'Federation Free Style" as the 'leitmotif' of the Government Office designs. 

  • 'Federation Free Style' has been compared to a commercial simplification of the exuberant 'Queen Anne' domestic vernacular revival, characterised by the use of picturesque gabled design, red brick walls and white window trim.

  • 'Free Style' architecture used traditional materials and constructional methods, but liberated itself with the literal reinterpretation of historic styles, as did the popular Queen Anne revival, for example with gables and gothic features such as turrets.

Left: Katoomba Courthouse Group

Vernon's Federation Free Style Designs
Vernon's Federation Arts and Crafts designs
Darlinghurst Police Station
Fire Station, St John's Road, Glebe
 Hestock 14 Crescent Street Hunters Hill NSW
Leura 24 Victoria Road Bellevue Hill NSW

Vernon's Notable Architecture


Vernon had an outstanding career as an architect, with 150 of his buildings being listed on various national and/or state heritage registers. [4] 

  • He is known as a key practitioner of various Federation styles. [5] 

  • The Vernon lectures in town planning, instituted at the University of Sydney in 1916, were endowed in his honour. [6] 


Vernon's architecture office introduced a new approach to public buildings with an Arts and Craft style as shown through Fire Stations at Darlinghurst and Pyrmont, Post Offices and country Courthouses.

  • These were decidedly less monumental than those of his predecessor Barnet. 


For more substantial public buildings, Vernon continued the tradition whereby such buildings were designed in a Classical style. Notable examples were


Vernon also built a number of other major and minor public buildings, such as the


Vernon's Notable Houses

The Australian Heritage Register lists Vernon's Post Offices and Courthouses as his most numerous important works.

Hestock 14 Crescent Street Hunters Hill 

Hestock is of State heritage significance as one of the few domestic buildings designed by eminent architect Walter Liberty Vernon.

Hestock was built in 1885 by Alfred Christian Garrick, the owner of Passy.

  • The architect was Walter Liberty Vernon (later the New South Wales Government Architect from 1890 to 1911). He also designed the Hunters Hill Post Office.

  • Hestock was illustrated in the Australian Builder's and Contractor's News of August 18, 1888. 

  • In 1886 John Arthur was the tenant of the house and H.B. Cotton from 1888. 

The house was named Le Chalet during (at least) the years 1890 to 1924. There is anecdotal evidence to suggest that it was known as Le Chalet up until 1968 (pers comm with previous occupant). 

Leura 24 Victoria Road Bellevue Hill NSW

Leura is a substantial marine villa but in 1890, probably the last collaboration between (Walter Liberty) Vernon and (Howard) Joseland (see below).

  • A two storey brick house which retains its splendid setting and panoramic views of Sydney harbour.

  • The characteristic Shavian planning is evident in the arrangement of the principal rooms, which overlook the harbour, around the substantial stair hall.

  • The small gable that marks the entrance and the main stair hall are Gothic Revival in character, employing restrained Gothic style tracery to the large window that lights the stairhall and to the front door. 

  • Listed by both the NSW Heritage Register and by the National Trust.

Leura Victoria Rd Bellevue Hill
Hestock, Hunters Hill
Vernon's Notable Houses
Vernon's Notable Architecture
John Longstaff portrait of Sir John Sulman, 1931

Above: Portrait of John Sulman by John Longstaff, 1931

Below: Queen Anne style Thomas Walker Convalescent Hospital, Concord, Sydney

Thomas Walker Convalescent Hospital, Concord, Sydney

Architect John Sulman 


Sir John Sulman (29 August 1849 – 18 August 1934) was an Australian architect.

Born in Greenwich, England, he emigrated to Sydney in 1885.

From 1921 to 1924 he was chairman of the Federal Capital Advisory Committee and influenced the development of Canberra.

  • Sulman was born in Greenwich, England. He was educated at the Greenwich Proprietary School and the Royal Institute of British Architects, of which he was Pugin travelling scholar in 1871.

  • After travelling through England and western Europe Sulman began practising as an architect in London and designed among other buildings a large number of churches.

  • Sulman went to Sydney in 1885 and the following year became a business partner of C.H.E. Blackmann. As a partner in the firm of Sulman and Power, Sulman was associated in the designing of many of the finest buildings in Sydney and other capital cities. These included several suburban churches.

  • Sulman was asked by Aston Webb to 'clean up' the Institute of Architects of New South Wales: Sulman had joined the institute in 1887 and been elected vice-president, but J. Horbury Hunt foiled his attempt to become president;
    Sulman resigned in 1892 and did not rejoin until 1912 when he was again vice-president. 

Academic career
  • Sir John Sulman was an architect, artist, town planner, public intellectual and polemicist.

  • Between 1887 and 1912 Sulman was P. N. Russell lecturer in architecture at the University of Sydney. After 1908 he retired from active practice to some extent to develop his interest in town-planning.

  • From 1916 to 1927 he was the Vernon lecturer in town planning at the University of Sydney. In 1921 he published his An Introduction to the Study of Town Planning in Australia.

Architect Sir John Sulman

Above: Queen Anne style Thomas Walker Convalescent Hospital, Concord, Sydney

Below: The Armidale School, Armidale NSW

The Armidale School 19934599.jpg

Notable Architecture of John Sulman


Sulman's major commissions of seventy (now) heritage projects included

Sulman's Major Domestic Works:

Ingleholme, Turramurra
ingleholme 17-23 Boomerang St Turramurra

Ingleholme, 17 Boomerang Street, Turramurra, NSW

by and for Sir John Sulman

A "rambling complex of gables, bays, turrets and chimneys"; [7]

  • Listed by the Australian Register of the National Estate

  • Listed by NSW State Heritage 

  • Red brick accented by white trimmed windows are in the Queen Anne style. Old English vernacular is represented in the use of half-timbered gables and in the oriel windows.

  • The expansive roof extends down onto the verandah.

  • French doors from the principal rooms open out onto the verandah and thence onto the garden.

  • The influence of Kerr and Stevenson may be seen in the configuration of the main spaces and principal rooms.

  • The drawing room features Adam detailing and an inglenook, a distinctive and ubiquitous feature of Sulman's domestic designs; it is the basis of the name 'Ingleholme'.

Jump to:
Notable Architecture of John Sulman
Sulman's Major Domestic Works
Combewood, Penrith
Combewood, Outbuildings &Garden Penrith
Combewood Penrith NSW

Combewood, 306 RMB Castlereagh Road, Penrith, NSW


An architecturally significant Queen Anne style house containing interiors, furniture and fittings demonstrating a high standard of design.

The garden is effectively laid out as a parkland through which the house is approached, with a fine homestead garden and feature planting and a related side orchard.

  • Listed by the Australian Register of the National Estate

  • A two storey Queen Anne style house believed by the family to have been designed by Sir John Sulman.

  • It has exposed clinker brick walls with contrasting red brick trim to doors and windows. There are verandahs to three sides on both stories.

  • The hipped roof is covered in blue Welsh slates and there are corbelled brick chimneys, cast iron columns on ground floor, timber columns and fretwork balustrades above.

  • The external timber architraves to all openings have original paintwork.

  • Interior: tiled entrance hall with marbled walls, green woodwork, painted scenes on doors in drawing room, Carrara Italian marble fireplaces with Minton tiles, original fuel stove, slate bench and a cedar staircase. It is a museum of Woodriff and Cox furniture and fittings.

  • There is a carriage loop leading from Coreen Avenue to the house and garden. Packed earth pathways and garden are in original form and pattern.

Addiscombe Turramurra

Addiscombe, Lane Cove Road, Turramurra, N.S.W

Addiscombe was the home of John Sulman's parents, opposite Womerah Avenue on Lane Cove Road, (later named the Pacific Highway), Turramurra.

  • The illustration at left shows Sulman's parents and Florence Sulman c.1897.

  • Designed by Sulman and Power, architects.

  • Inscribed on reverse: `Mr and Mrs Sulman, Senr, at Addiscombe c.1896

  • Sulman photographs courtesy of the State Library NSW

Addiscombe, Turramurra
Elim and its garden NSW Heritage.jpg

Elim, 83 Shaftesbury Road, Burwood

Elim is of state significance for its aesthetic value and historical associations with architect Sir John Sulman and Josiah Mullens.

  • Elim was designed by Sir John Sulman and built in c.1905 for Josiah Mullens who was the founder and president of the Sydney Stock Exchange and a prominent member of Burwood's Community.

  • Elim is a two storey Queen Anne styled residence. It is constructed of flemish bond red brick, slate roof with terracotta ridge capping, large brick chimneys and decorative windows.The remnants of past planting schemes and decorative low brick fence combine to enhance the picturesque character of Elim.

Elim, Burwood
Street view of 160-162 Concord Road, Nor

Yaralla Cottages

164-166 Concord Road, North Strathfield, Canada Bay NSW

Picturesque, asymmetrical, Queen Anne style semi-detached cottages.

  • Steeply pitched gables, unmatched bays at either end decorated with plaster rosettes, pilasters, festoons and elaborate leadlighting. Houses are set in well-maintained gardens.

  • One of a set of three Victorian semi-detached dwellings with considerable architectural and historical significance. Importance association with local benefactor, Dame Eadith Walker, and designer Sir John Sulman.

  • Local Govt Heritage, Canada Bay NSW

Yaralla Cottages
William Richards

William Richards, Master Builder 

A builder of federation arts and crafts style houses in Sydney and the southern highlands of NSW from 1880 to about 1940.

  • He designed and built the houses of the heritage listed Appian Way in Burwood as well as mansions for the Hordern family. 

  • He formed his own company, W Richards & Sons, and the twenty years after his move to Burwood would have been very busy - with

the Appian Way houses (completed in 1911),

shops in Burwood Road,

the tower on St.Paul's church,

the observatory in the grounds of "St Clouds" and other unknown houses. 


William also built the following:

  • Retford Park, East Bowral, built for Samuel Hordern 1887. 

  • Anthony Horderns new buildings in Sussex Street, Sydney, and

  • additions to the New Palace Emporium.  Architect Morrow & de Putron.  

  • Babworth House, Darling Point, built for Sir Samuel Hordern. Architects Morrow & du Putron.  Built 1912 - 1915. See the state heritage inventory web site where it is described thus:  "an excellent and rare example of the Federation Arts and Crafts style in grand domestic architecture in Australia."

  • Extensions to Retford Hall, Darling Point - ballroom.  Architect Morrow & de Putron.  House now demolished.

Appian Way Houses

Appian Way is a street located in the suburb of Burwood in SydneyNew South WalesAustralia with a novel private park.

The state heritage listed Appian Way has been described as one of the finest streets of Federation houses in Australia: - from Wikipedia:

  • "A rare Edwardian 'garden city' bungalow precinct with excellent Federation Queen Anne and at least one Federation Arts and Crafts architectural and landscape detail, largely intact streetscape, around an unusual and beautifully landscaped oval, containing a resident-owned recreational and sporting facility."

  • "The design and construction of the estate was based on a vision of suburban utopia of its owner George Hoskins who was instrumental in developing the steel industry in NSW."


Left: 'St Ellero'; Below: Aerial view of the Appian Way Estate and Appian Way Park





















"The original Hoskins' Estate dating from the early 1900's consisted of 39 allotments, with 36 houses fronting Burwood Road, Appian Way and Liverpool Road plus a recreation reserve. The properties are large, ranging from a quarter acre to three-quarters of an acre, (0.1ha to 0.3ha) and irregularly shaped. "

  • "The Conservation Area currently comprises 41 houses, 31 of which are reasonably intact, a recreation area consisting of three lawn tennis courts with a weatherboard pavilion, and landscape elements such as street trees and picket fences. Five (5) houses (Numbers 70-78 Liverpool Road, southern side) within the Conservation Area are not in the Hoskins Estate but in the Austinlee Estate and three (3) houses of the original estate fronting Liverpool Road are not in the Conservation Area." - NSW Heritage Register - Appian Way Precinct

  • Appian Way Conservation Area BURWOOD 1-25 & 2A-18 Appian Way; 302-318 Burwood Road; and 70-78 Liverpool Road.

"The picturesque houses create an asymmetrical, multi-gabled roofscape with a variety of materials used such as slate and terracotta tiles and feature varied designs.

  • "The houses are complemented with landscaped gardens, lawns and a nature strip with Brush Boxtrees.

  • The serpentine street runs between Burwood Road and Liverpool Road with a communal reserve that has been converted into a lawn tennis club.

    • "Homes in the street are designed in various Federation styles. Many are in the Federation Queen Anne style, but other styles are also represented.

    • Erica and St Ellero are designed in the Federation Arts and Crafts style, while

    • Casa Tasso and Ostia are just two out of several examples of the Federation Bungalow style". - More at Wikipedia:

Also known as the Hoskins Estate, Appian Way was a model housing estate conceived by a wealthy industrialist, George J. Hoskins on 8 hectares of land that he purchased at the start of the 20th century. More at Wikipedia.

Map Appian Way Burwood classified Herita
William Richards, Master Builder
Sr Ellero_x-low.jpg
Aerial Appian Way 13643288_04_x.jpg
Appian Way Conservation Area.png
'Casa Tasso' 14 Appian Way Burwood
Erica, 21 Appian Way Burwood

Above: Erica, 21 Appian Way Burwood

Below: 'Casa Tasso' 14 Appian Way Burwood

Appian Way Houses
Architect Howard Joseland

Architect Howard Joseland

Richard George Howard Joseland was born on 14 January 1860 at Claines, Worcestershire, England.

  • In the early days of his career, he was articled to the Haddon Brothers at Hereford, but moved to London in 1881.

  • There, he obtained a position as assistant to George Robinson in the architectural company George Trollope and Sons.

  • In time, his health suffered as a result of overwork, and he was advised to migrate to a more temperate clime. He went to New Zealand, where he worked on the railways for six months.

  • He then moved to Sydney, Australia, in 1888, where he married Alice Taylor.


Career in Australia

In Sydney, Joseland met Walter Liberty Vernon, another English architect who had migrated to Australia for health reasons. The two architects joined forces and entered a competition to design a model suburb [Centennial Park?]. It was the first of several projects they would work on together. In 1890, Vernon became New South Wales Government Architect, as a result of which he handed his private practice over to Joseland.

  • Joseland's clientele was predominantly well-off people who required comfortable homes.

  • Many of them were moving into the new residential areas in Sydney's north, where suburbs like Wahroonga and Warrawee developed. Joseland is credited with designing something like nineteen homes in these areas.

  • His output included his own home, Malvern, which he built in 1900 in Burns Road, Wahroonga.

  • He designed it in the Federation Bungalow style, featuring a prominent veranda to create shade.

  • From 1914 to 1919, Joseland conducted a solo practice before joining forces with Glynn Gilling, another young English architect who had migrated to Australia.

Leura, 24 Victoria Road, BELLEVUE HILL NSW 2023


Bellevue Hill trophy home Leura sets suburb record at $30 million

Nov 10, 2015 Lucy Macken Domain Prestige Reporter

The Bellevue Hill trophy residence Leura sold on Monday afternoon 10-Nov-2015 for more than $30 million, setting a suburb record in the process.

  • The sale by businessman Ken Allen and his wife, Christine, to an Australian buyer came the day before it was scheduled to go to auction, and for in excess of its original $30 million guide.

  • Built in the 1890s for Tom Knox, managing director of the Dalgety stock and station agency, in the Federation Queen Anne style and set on a vast 4260 square metres, the mansion includes eight bedrooms, eight bathrooms, a ballroom, tennis court and a swimming pool.

Heritage​ of Leura Mansion

Early Queen Anne style, leading to Federation style. Leadlight doors and window at rear. Timber panelling. Grand stair. Prominent siting to Sydney Harbour.

  • Substantial marine villa but in 1890, probably the last collaboration between (Walter Liberty) Vernon and (Howard) Joseland.


Two storey brick house retains its splendid setting and panoramic views of Sydney harbour. The characteristic Shavian planning is evident in the arrangement of the principal rooms, which overlook the harbour, around the substantial stair hall.

  • Site of an old Aboriginal camp and has a natural spring. Knox family connection.

  • Timber shingle roof destroyed by fire at turn of the century and replaced by terracotta shingles (NTA, 1978). 

Animation Leura Bellevue Hill -
Architect Howard Joseland
Malvern, Joseland's home at 41 Burns Road, Wahroonga
LEURA - 24 Victoria Rd, Bellevue Hill
Leura, 24 Victoria Road, BELLEVUE HILL
House 'Leura', Bellevue Hill, 1958
Redleaf, 8 Redleaf Av, Wahroonga, NSW

Redleaf, 8 Redleaf Av, Wahroonga, NSW

Redleaf has considerable architectural significance as a good example of a large Federation Queen Anne style residence with Arts and Crafts details.

  • The design was avant garde in its time and the house is now rare for the high integrity of its interiors, particularly the living area and the kitchen wing (Criteria F.1 and B.2)

  • The house is an important example of the work of the architect Harold Joseland, founding partner of the noted Sydney firm Joseland and Gilling (Criterion H.1). Redleaf was one of the first generation of houses built in Wahroonga with the coming of the railway. 

Leura, Bellevue Hill
Rippon Grange, 35-45 Water St, Wahroonga, NSW

Rippon Grange, 35-45 Water St, Wahroonga

The property includes a fine Federation Queen Anne house designed by the prominent architect, Howard Joseland, and retains much of its original fabric and integrity. The 1954 alterations and additions were designed by Cobden Parkes, Government Architect. 

The house and surviving grounds are generally in the form created for Frederick George Sargood, a prominent nineteenth century businessman. The grounds retain much of the original layout of paths and driveways and include early garden features such as croquet lawns, rock retaining walls and octagonal seating, and mature gum trees. 

The property is also associated with Ernest Robert Williams, a founding director of Woolworths. 

Rippon Grange
Wynstay Mansion, Mount Wilson NSW