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 Federation Architects of NSW

  Federation Architects of NSW

  1. John Horbury Hunt (1838 Canada - 1904) Biography

  2. Walter LIberty Vernon (1846 UK - 1914) Biography Legacy (NSW Govt Architect)

  3. Sir John Sulman (1849 UK -1934) (also a Town Planner) Biography

  4. Jack Hennessy (1853 Ireland?-1924) Hennessy and Hennessy Biography

  5. William Richards (1854 UK - 1944) Biography

  6. Varney Parkes (1859-1935) Biography

  7. Howard Joseland (1860 UK - 1930) Biography

  8. Edward Jeaffreson Jackson (1862 UK -1952) Legacy

  9. Henry Budden (1871 - 1944) (1894 Sulman Award winner) Wikipedia

  10. William De Putron - (1872 - 1925) Legacy Drawings

  11. Thomas Pollard Sampson (1875 Launceston - 1961) Biography

  12. BJ Waterhouse (1876 UK - 1965) Biography

Architect John Horbury Hunt
Federation Architects of NSW\
John Horbury Hunt 
Book John Horbury Hunt, Radical Architect

Architect John Horbury Hunt

John Horbury Hunt (1838 – December 30, 1904) was a Canadian-born architect who worked in Sydney, Australia and rural New South Wales from 1863.

'Hunt brought about a revolution in Australian architecture and was responsible for some of its most powerful and austere landmarks, including

the Convent of the Sacred Heart at Rose Bay,

St Peter's Cathedral Armidale and the

well-known Booloominbah, at Armidale, and

Tivoli at Rose Bay. This 'marine villa' is still credited with the best gable in Australia.

Hunt designed and built cathedrals, churches, chapels, houses, homesteads, stables and schools', said curator Joy Hughes - Museum of Sydney: 

Left: The book: Radical architect: John Horbury Hunt

Horbury Hunt's Notable Architecture

from Wikipedia's list of Australian Architects

Horbury Hunt's Period Residences

Horbury Hunt's Notable buildings
Jump To Horbury Hunt's:


Horbury Hunt's Period Residences
William Damaresq House, Rose Bay.jpg
Cloncorrick, Darling Point
Booloominbah, UNE Armidale

Tivoli, Kambala, Rose Bay

  • The property was known as "Tivoli" of the original Tivoli Estate, and was previously occupied by Captain William Dumaresq and later by merchant James Robinson Love.

  • The spacious building, originally built in 1841,was extended by architect John Horbury Hunt in 1881 and today this building houses Kambala's boarders in Years 7 to 10. Read more

Cloncorrick, Darling Point

Cloncorrick is an historic house of Arts and Crafts style in Darling Point, Sydney, Australia.

Booloominbah, UNE Armidale

Booloominbah is a Queen Anne style Arts and Crafts mansion situated at the University of New England in Armidale, New South Wales, Australia, and is listed on the Register of the National Estate

  • Booloominbah reflects the Gothic revivalist influences of the 'Queen Anne' style that emerged in England and the United States in the last half of the 19th century. Recent refurbishment has restored much of the original decoration. The building has National Trust classification. Read more

Camelot, Kirkham Lane, Kirkham

Camelot, Kirkham Lane, Kirkham

  • See also Camelot, Camden

"Camelot" is a Queen Anne style mansion constructed from brick and has a romantic silhouette of turrets, chimney stacks, gables, arched verandas and projecting bays.

  • "Camelot" was reportedly built with the winnings from "Chester", a racehorse which won the Melbourne Cup in 1877, owned by James White.

  • The house was owned later on by the Faithfull-Anderson family. Camelot also has a fine brick stable with arched wooden ribbing, a brick smokehouse and an octagonal aviary.

  • Camelot is listed on the Register of the National Estate

  • Read more

Tivoli, Kambala, Rose Bay
Cloncorrick, Darling Point
Booloominbah, UNE Armidale
Camelot, Kirkham Lane, Kirkham
Pibrac, Pibrac Avenue, Warrawee

Pibrac, Pibrac Avenue, Warrawee

Pibrac is on the Register of the National Estate (Pibrac and Garden, 11 Pibrac Av, Warrawee, NSW)

  • In 1888, the public servant and patron of exploration Frederick Ecclestone du Faur built his house Pibrac in Pibrac Avenue.

  • The house was designed by John Horbury Hunt, the Canadian architect who settled in Australia and favoured the Arts and Crafts style, as well as the North American Shingle style, which he introduced to Australia.

  • Later alterations were carried out by B.J.Waterhouse. The house is composed predominantly of timber, with extensive use of timber shingles, on a sandstone base. Pibrac is considered a good example of Hunt's work and is listed on the Register of the National Estate

Pibrac, Pibrac Avenue, Warrawee
Fairwater, Point Piper

Fairwater, Point Piper

Fairwater, 560 New South Head Rd, Point Piper NSW, is a large domestic residence designed by John Horbury Hunt, constructed in 1882 with additions made in c.1901 and 1910, with former stable (c.1900s) and garage (1930),

  • Situated on a large suburban allotment fronting Port Jackson with mature garden landscaping including notable trees. Fairwater is listed on the Register of the National Estate

  • "Powerful yet restrained composition in brick and timber, large complex, manages to successfully modulate its scale so that it appears disarmingly domestic.

  • Buildings and grounds are amongst the last of the great suburban estates remaining intact. Estate is historically important, having been connected with the Whites of Cranbrook and the Fairfax family, who still retain ownership."

  • Mrs Fairfax died in 2017, leaving this estate to the public of NSW. (Stay tuned)

Fairwater, Point Piper
Tudor house School
Trevenna at New England University3.jpg

Hamilton House now Tudor house School

Originally Hamilton House, this design was to be a retirement home for Alick Osborne of Barrengarry.

  • Built in 1891, Hamilton House is a large and powerfully designed brick house with a gabled slate roof, and tall corbelled chimneys in the Old English Domestic Revival style.

  • The entrance porch was ingeniously designed to overcome chilly western winds using a double arched entrance. [1]

  • Now known as Tudor House, the building became the preparatory school for the King's School in 1902.


Trevenna, UNE, Armidale

Trevenna is the residence of the Vice-Chancellor of the University of New England, in ArmidaleNew South Wales,

  • Trevenna, UNE, was designed by Canadian-born, Boston-trained architect, John Horbury Hunt

  • Trevenna house was built in 1892 and is located off Trevenna Road on the western side of the main campus in Armidale

  • Trevenna is listed on the Register of the National Estate

  • Trevenna was originally the home of the Wrights, a prominent New England family of graziers. It was originally built for Mrs Eliza Jane Wright.

  • The homestead and its grounds were bequeathed to UNE as the Vice-Chancellor’s residence in 1960 by Mrs Florence May Wilson -

Hamilton House
Glen Alpine. Werris Creek

The Highlands, Highlands Ave, Wahroonga

The Highlands is one of the last houses John Horbury Hunt ever built.

  • John Horbury Hunt was instrumental in bringing the North American Shingle Style to Australia. The outstanding example of this style was Highlands, a two-storey home designed by Hunt and built for Alfred Hordern in 1891.

  • Situated in Highlands Avenue, Wahroonga, Sydney, Highlands is listed on the Register of the National Estate.

  • Highlands is regarded as one of the finest examples (and, by some, as THE finest example) of his original shingled style. He was certainly at the height of his powers when he designed it.


Glen Alpine. Werris Creek

Glen Alpine, Homestead designed by the renowned architect John Horbury Hunt,
was a large home, with productive country farmland, 4 hours from Sydney, 55km from Tamworth.

  • The stunning 6 bedroom home was built in 1886. 

Historic $4.5 million mansion sells, then burns down

Lucy Macken October 17, 2014

The historic 1886-era homestead Glen Alpine near Tamworth has burnt down in suspicious circumstances. The historic 1886 homestead Glen Alpine near Tamworth has burnt down, two days before its sale for $4.5 million was due to settle.

The Highlands
Glen Alpine
Architect Walter LIberty Vernon
Randwick Fire Station

Architect Walter Liberty Vernon, NSW


Walter Liberty Vernon (11 August 1846 – 17 January 1914) is noted for designing multiple government buildings which are still standing, many of which have a heritage listing. (see below)

  • "The public will see his monuments for a long time - perhaps for all time - in the city and in the country". - Prime Minister of Australia, Joseph Cook


Vernon's Career in Australia

Vernon established a private practice in Sydney. Commissioned to build a department store for David Jones Ltd (George and Barrack streets, 1885), Vernon designed his own home, Penshurst, at Neutral Bay in 1884.

  • He bought adjoining land where he designed and built several villas. From 1 October that year until February 1889 he was in partnership with W. W. Wardell.

On 1 August 1890 Vernon was appointed government architect in the new branch of the Department of Public Works which had been created to allow private architects to compete for the design of all public buildings estimated to cost over £5000. The government architect was to supervise the construction, with a commission paid to the selected architect.

  • For new work below £5000 and for all alterations and maintenance, Vernon was required to make do with the remnants of James Barnet's staff (73 in 1890, reduced to 44 by 1893). Of three competitions held, only one resulted in a completed building (Grafton gaol, 1891).

  • By the end of 1894 Vernon showed that the new system cost twice as much as designs from his own office: competitions were never reinstated during his tenure. but later joined the Government Architect's Branch in 1890 as Government Architect. The activities of this office were boosted in 1894 when extra funding was committed as a way of creating relief work during the Depression.

Walter Liberty Vernon
Irwin House, Silverwater Gaol
The Chalet Govt House

Vernon's Architectural Styles

He employed a range of styles, but all reflecting his early training and English influences.

1. Vernon's Queen Anne designs

In the early 1890s Vernon was the leading NSW exponent of the emerging local variant of the Queen Anne Revival that today is known as the Federation style. Rather than employing the neoclassical for public buildings, he continued to experiment, as he had been doing since his arrival in Sydney, with acclimatising the Queen Anne Revival style to suit NSW.


Irwin House (1891-92)

In his design for Irwin House at the Newington Asylum (now Silverwater Gaol), Vernon combined English institutional planning with colonial forms.

  • Whilst still a Queen Anne Revival style building, Irwin House shows how Vernon was refining the design of his public buildings to suit the Australian climate, employing details that were drawn from Eastern sources.

  • Built in 1891-92 as staff quarters, the building was constructed, as the other asylum buildings had been, within the extensive landscaped grounds of Blaxland’s Newington House on the banks of the Parramatta River at Silverwater.

The Chalet, Government House (1891)

The Chalet, designed by Vernon to sit immediately adjacent to the Gothic Revival Government House designed by Edward Blore, is a substantial timber residence built to accommodate the Governor’s Chief of Staff.

  • A two-storey timber villa with a deliberately asymmetrical brick chimney and oriel windows, the Chalet continues the series of picturesque lodges built in the Domain, rather than following the Gothic Revival style of the main house.

The court house at Maclean and the adjacent Post Office and Police Station, constructed between 1892 and 1896, show the informality made possible by the use of the Queen Anne Revival.

The Chalet
Irwin House
Vernon's Queen Anne designs
Vernon's Architectural Styles
Mount Victoria Post Office 1914
Hay Court House

2. Vernon's Domestic Scale Buildings in Federation Queen Anne style

"It is gratifying to be able to report that, as a whole, the New South Wales modern police buildings compare most favorably with those in England, and in some respects I am of the opinion, are superior." - Vernon.

Left: Mount Victoria Post Office 1914

  • The distinguishing feature of this standard design was the use of one verandah to the side entrance and a second verandah to the front, separated by a gable with an arch headed window.


Vernon's Queen Anne public architecture


Left: Hay Court House (1892)

Later Vernon favoured what were later known as Federation styles such as

Vernon's Domestic Scale Buildings
Caves House Jenolan
Katoomba Courthouse and Police Station

3. Vernon's Federation Arts and Crafts designs

Jenolan Caves House

A great hotel designed by Walter Liberty Vernon

  • Physical description: Federation Arts & Crafts: a two storey building with a ground floor of dark red brick and a first floor of cream rough cast with sandstone coping and tall terracotta chimney pots.

  • Caves House appears to be his first public building employing an English vernacular revival style.

  • Caves House can be seen as influenced by the large country houses in England such as Standenin Sussex, St. Alban’s Court in Kent, Avon Tyrrell in Hampshire and Cragside in Northumberland.

4. Vernon's Federation Free Style Designs

During Vernon's period as NSW Government Architect he developed his distinctive 'Federation Free Style" as the 'leitmotif' of the Government Office designs. 

  • 'Federation Free Style' has been compared to a commercial simplification of the exuberant 'Queen Anne' domestic vernacular revival, characterised by the use of picturesque gabled design, red brick walls and white window trim.

  • 'Free Style' architecture used traditional materials and constructional methods, but liberated itself with the literal reinterpretation of historic styles, as did the popular Queen Anne revival, for example with gables and gothic features such as turrets.

Left: Katoomba Courthouse Group

Vernon's Federation Free Style Designs
Vernon's Federation Arts and Crafts designs
Darlinghurst Police Station
Fire Station, St John's Road, Glebe
 Hestock 14 Crescent Street Hunters Hill NSW
Leura 24 Victoria Road Bellevue Hill NSW

Vernon's Notable Architecture


Vernon had an outstanding career as an architect, with 150 of his buildings being listed on various national and/or state heritage registers. [4] 

  • He is known as a key practitioner of various Federation styles. [5] 

  • The Vernon lectures in town planning, instituted at the University of Sydney in 1916, were endowed in his honour. [6] 


Vernon's architecture office introduced a new approach to public buildings with an Arts and Craft style as shown through Fire Stations at Darlinghurst and Pyrmont, Post Offices and country Courthouses.

  • These were decidedly less monumental than those of his predecessor Barnet. 


For more substantial public buildings, Vernon continued the tradition whereby such buildings were designed in a Classical style. Notable examples were


Vernon also built a number of other major and minor public buildings, such as the


Vernon's Notable Houses

The Australian Heritage Register lists Vernon's Post Offices and Courthouses as his most numerous important works.

Hestock 14 Crescent Street Hunters Hill 

Hestock is of State heritage significance as one of the few domestic buildings designed by eminent architect Walter Liberty Vernon.

Hestock was built in 1885 by Alfred Christian Garrick, the owner of Passy.

  • The architect was Walter Liberty Vernon (later the New South Wales Government Architect from 1890 to 1911). He also designed the Hunters Hill Post Office.

  • Hestock was illustrated in the Australian Builder's and Contractor's News of August 18, 1888. 

  • In 1886 John Arthur was the tenant of the house and H.B. Cotton from 1888. 

The house was named Le Chalet during (at least) the years 1890 to 1924. There is anecdotal evidence to suggest that it was known as Le Chalet up until 1968 (pers comm with previous occupant). 

Leura 24 Victoria Road Bellevue Hill NSW

Leura is a substantial marine villa but in 1890, probably the last collaboration between (Walter Liberty) Vernon and (Howard) Joseland (see below).

  • A two storey brick house which retains its splendid setting and panoramic views of Sydney harbour.

  • The characteristic Shavian planning is evident in the arrangement of the principal rooms, which overlook the harbour, around the substantial stair hall.

  • The small gable that marks the entrance and the main stair hall are Gothic Revival in character, employing restrained Gothic style tracery to the large window that lights the stairhall and to the front door. 

  • Listed by both the NSW Heritage Register and by the National Trust.

Leura Victoria Rd Bellevue Hill
Hestock, Hunters Hill
Vernon's Notable Houses
Vernon's Notable Architecture
John Longstaff portrait of Sir John Sulman, 1931

Above: Portrait of John Sulman by John Longstaff, 1931

Below: Queen Anne style Thomas Walker Convalescent Hospital, Concord, Sydney

Thomas Walker Convalescent Hospital, Concord, Sydney

Architect John Sulman 


Sir John Sulman (29 August 1849 – 18 August 1934) was an Australian architect.

Born in Greenwich, England, he emigrated to Sydney in 1885.

From 1921 to 1924 he was chairman of the Federal Capital Advisory Committee and influenced the development of Canberra.

  • Sulman was born in Greenwich, England. He was educated at the Greenwich Proprietary School and the Royal Institute of British Architects, of which he was Pugin travelling scholar in 1871.

  • After travelling through England and western Europe Sulman began practising as an architect in London and designed among other buildings a large number of churches.

  • Sulman went to Sydney in 1885 and the following year became a business partner of C.H.E. Blackmann. As a partner in the firm of Sulman and Power, Sulman was associated in the designing of many of the finest buildings in Sydney and other capital cities. These included several suburban churches.

  • Sulman was asked by Aston Webb to 'clean up' the Institute of Architects of New South Wales: Sulman had joined the institute in 1887 and been elected vice-president, but J. Horbury Hunt foiled his attempt to become president;
    Sulman resigned in 1892 and did not rejoin until 1912 when he was again vice-president. 

Academic career
  • Sir John Sulman was an architect, artist, town planner, public intellectual and polemicist.

  • Between 1887 and 1912 Sulman was P. N. Russell lecturer in architecture at the University of Sydney. After 1908 he retired from active practice to some extent to develop his interest in town-planning.

  • From 1916 to 1927 he was the Vernon lecturer in town planning at the University of Sydney. In 1921 he published his An Introduction to the Study of Town Planning in Australia.

Architect Sir John Sulman

Above: Queen Anne style Thomas Walker Convalescent Hospital, Concord, Sydney

Below: The Armidale School, Armidale NSW

The Armidale School 19934599.jpg

Notable Architecture of John Sulman


Sulman's major commissions of seventy (now) heritage projects included

Sulman's Major Domestic Works:

Ingleholme, Turramurra
ingleholme 17-23 Boomerang St Turramurra

Ingleholme, 17 Boomerang Street, Turramurra, NSW

by and for Sir John Sulman

A "rambling complex of gables, bays, turrets and chimneys"; [7]

  • Listed by the Australian Register of the National Estate

  • Listed by NSW State Heritage 

  • Red brick accented by white trimmed windows are in the Queen Anne style. Old English vernacular is represented in the use of half-timbered gables and in the oriel windows.

  • The expansive roof extends down onto the verandah.

  • French doors from the principal rooms open out onto the verandah and thence onto the garden.

  • The influence of Kerr and Stevenson may be seen in the configuration of the main spaces and principal rooms.

  • The drawing room features Adam detailing and an inglenook, a distinctive and ubiquitous feature of Sulman's domestic designs; it is the basis of the name 'Ingleholme'.

Jump to:
Notable Architecture of John Sulman
Sulman's Major Domestic Works
Combewood, Penrith
Combewood, Outbuildings &Garden Penrith
Combewood Penrith NSW

Combewood, 306 RMB Castlereagh Road, Penrith, NSW


An architecturally significant Queen Anne style house containing interiors, furniture and fittings demonstrating a high standard of design.

The garden is effectively laid out as a parkland through which the house is approached, with a fine homestead garden and feature planting and a related side orchard.

  • Listed by the Australian Register of the National Estate

  • A two storey Queen Anne style house believed by the family to have been designed by Sir John Sulman.

  • It has exposed clinker brick walls with contrasting red brick trim to doors and windows. There are verandahs to three sides on both stories.

  • The hipped roof is covered in blue Welsh slates and there are corbelled brick chimneys, cast iron columns on ground floor, timber columns and fretwork balustrades above.

  • The external timber architraves to all openings have original paintwork.

  • Interior: tiled entrance hall with marbled walls, green woodwork, painted scenes on doors in drawing room, Carrara Italian marble fireplaces with Minton tiles, original fuel stove, slate bench and a cedar staircase. It is a museum of Woodriff and Cox furniture and fittings.

  • There is a carriage loop leading from Coreen Avenue to the house and garden. Packed earth pathways and garden are in original form and pattern.

Addiscombe Turramurra

Addiscombe, Lane Cove Road, Turramurra, N.S.W

Addiscombe was the home of John Sulman's parents, opposite Womerah Avenue on Lane Cove Road, (later named the Pacific Highway), Turramurra.

  • The illustration at left shows Sulman's parents and Florence Sulman c.1897.

  • Designed by Sulman and Power, architects.

  • Inscribed on reverse: `Mr and Mrs Sulman, Senr, at Addiscombe c.1896

  • Sulman photographs courtesy of the State Library NSW

Addiscombe, Turramurra
Elim and its garden NSW Heritage.jpg

Elim, 83 Shaftesbury Road, Burwood

Elim is of state significance for its aesthetic value and historical associations with architect Sir John Sulman and Josiah Mullens.

  • Elim was designed by Sir John Sulman and built in c.1905 for Josiah Mullens who was the founder and president of the Sydney Stock Exchange and a prominent member of Burwood's Community.

  • Elim is a two storey Queen Anne styled residence. It is constructed of flemish bond red brick, slate roof with terracotta ridge capping, large brick chimneys and decorative windows.The remnants of past planting schemes and decorative low brick fence combine to enhance the picturesque character of Elim.

Elim, Burwood
Street view of 160-162 Concord Road, Nor

Yaralla Cottages

164-166 Concord Road, North Strathfield, Canada Bay NSW

Picturesque, asymmetrical, Queen Anne style semi-detached cottages.

  • Steeply pitched gables, unmatched bays at either end decorated with plaster rosettes, pilasters, festoons and elaborate leadlighting. Houses are set in well-maintained gardens.

  • One of a set of three Victorian semi-detached dwellings with considerable architectural and historical significance. Importance association with local benefactor, Dame Eadith Walker, and designer Sir John Sulman.

  • Local Govt Heritage, Canada Bay NSW

Yaralla Cottages
William Richards

William Richards, Master Builder 

A builder of federation arts and crafts style houses in Sydney and the southern highlands of NSW from 1880 to about 1940.

  • He designed and built the houses of the heritage listed Appian Way in Burwood as well as mansions for the Hordern family. 

  • He formed his own company, W Richards & Sons, and the twenty years after his move to Burwood would have been very busy - with

the Appian Way houses (completed in 1911),

shops in Burwood Road,

the tower on St.Paul's church,

the observatory in the grounds of "St Clouds" and other unknown houses. 


William also built the following:

  • Retford Park, East Bowral, built for Samuel Hordern 1887. 

  • Anthony Horderns new buildings in Sussex Street, Sydney, and

  • additions to the New Palace Emporium.  Architect Morrow & de Putron.  

  • Babworth House, Darling Point, built for Sir Samuel Hordern. Architects Morrow & du Putron.  Built 1912 - 1915. See the state heritage inventory web site where it is described thus:  "an excellent and rare example of the Federation Arts and Crafts style in grand domestic architecture in Australia."

  • Extensions to Retford Hall, Darling Point - ballroom.  Architect Morrow & de Putron.  House now demolished.

Appian Way Houses

Appian Way is a street located in the suburb of Burwood in SydneyNew South WalesAustralia with a novel private park.

The state heritage listed Appian Way has been described as one of the finest streets of Federation houses in Australia: - from Wikipedia:

  • "A rare Edwardian 'garden city' bungalow precinct with excellent Federation Queen Anne and at least one Federation Arts and Crafts architectural and landscape detail, largely intact streetscape, around an unusual and beautifully landscaped oval, containing a resident-owned recreational and sporting facility."

  • "The design and construction of the estate was based on a vision of suburban utopia of its owner George Hoskins who was instrumental in developing the steel industry in NSW."


Left: 'St Ellero'; Below: Aerial view of the Appian Way Estate and Appian Way Park





















"The original Hoskins' Estate dating from the early 1900's consisted of 39 allotments, with 36 houses fronting Burwood Road, Appian Way and Liverpool Road plus a recreation reserve. The properties are large, ranging from a quarter acre to three-quarters of an acre, (0.1ha to 0.3ha) and irregularly shaped. "

  • "The Conservation Area currently comprises 41 houses, 31 of which are reasonably intact, a recreation area consisting of three lawn tennis courts with a weatherboard pavilion, and landscape elements such as street trees and picket fences. Five (5) houses (Numbers 70-78 Liverpool Road, southern side) within the Conservation Area are not in the Hoskins Estate but in the Austinlee Estate and three (3) houses of the original estate fronting Liverpool Road are not in the Conservation Area." - NSW Heritage Register - Appian Way Precinct

  • Appian Way Conservation Area BURWOOD 1-25 & 2A-18 Appian Way; 302-318 Burwood Road; and 70-78 Liverpool Road.

"The picturesque houses create an asymmetrical, multi-gabled roofscape with a variety of materials used such as slate and terracotta tiles and feature varied designs.

  • "The houses are complemented with landscaped gardens, lawns and a nature strip with Brush Boxtrees.

  • The serpentine street runs between Burwood Road and Liverpool Road with a communal reserve that has been converted into a lawn tennis club.

    • "Homes in the street are designed in various Federation styles. Many are in the Federation Queen Anne style, but other styles are also represented.

    • Erica and St Ellero are designed in the Federation Arts and Crafts style, while

    • Casa Tasso and Ostia are just two out of several examples of the Federation Bungalow style". - More at Wikipedia:

Also known as the Hoskins Estate, Appian Way was a model housing estate conceived by a wealthy industrialist, George J. Hoskins on 8 hectares of land that he purchased at the start of the 20th century. More at Wikipedia.

Map Appian Way Burwood classified Herita
William Richards, Master Builder
Sr Ellero_x-low.jpg
Aerial Appian Way 13643288_04_x.jpg
Appian Way Conservation Area.png
'Casa Tasso' 14 Appian Way Burwood
Erica, 21 Appian Way Burwood

Above: Erica, 21 Appian Way Burwood

Below: 'Casa Tasso' 14 Appian Way Burwood

Appian Way Houses
Architect Howard Joseland

Architect Howard Joseland

Richard George Howard Joseland was born on 14 January 1860 at Claines, Worcestershire, England.

  • In the early days of his career, he was articled to the Haddon Brothers at Hereford, but moved to London in 1881.

  • There, he obtained a position as assistant to George Robinson in the architectural company George Trollope and Sons.

  • In time, his health suffered as a result of overwork, and he was advised to migrate to a more temperate clime. He went to New Zealand, where he worked on the railways for six months.

  • He then moved to Sydney, Australia, in 1888, where he married Alice Taylor.


Career in Australia

In Sydney, Joseland met Walter Liberty Vernon, another English architect who had migrated to Australia for health reasons. The two architects joined forces and entered a competition to design a model suburb [Centennial Park?]. It was the first of several projects they would work on together. In 1890, Vernon became New South Wales Government Architect, as a result of which he handed his private practice over to Joseland.

  • Joseland's clientele was predominantly well-off people who required comfortable homes.

  • Many of them were moving into the new residential areas in Sydney's north, where suburbs like Wahroonga and Warrawee developed. Joseland is credited with designing something like nineteen homes in these areas.

  • His output included his own home, Malvern, which he built in 1900 in Burns Road, Wahroonga.

  • He designed it in the Federation Bungalow style, featuring a prominent veranda to create shade.

  • From 1914 to 1919, Joseland conducted a solo practice before joining forces with Glynn Gilling, another young English architect who had migrated to Australia.

Leura, 24 Victoria Road, BELLEVUE HILL NSW 2023


Bellevue Hill trophy home Leura sets suburb record at $30 million

Nov 10, 2015 Lucy Macken Domain Prestige Reporter

The Bellevue Hill trophy residence Leura sold on Monday afternoon 10-Nov-2015 for more than $30 million, setting a suburb record in the process.

  • The sale by businessman Ken Allen and his wife, Christine, to an Australian buyer came the day before it was scheduled to go to auction, and for in excess of its original $30 million guide.

  • Built in the 1890s for Tom Knox, managing director of the Dalgety stock and station agency, in the Federation Queen Anne style and set on a vast 4260 square metres, the mansion includes eight bedrooms, eight bathrooms, a ballroom, tennis court and a swimming pool.

Heritage​ of Leura Mansion

Early Queen Anne style, leading to Federation style. Leadlight doors and window at rear. Timber panelling. Grand stair. Prominent siting to Sydney Harbour.

  • Substantial marine villa but in 1890, probably the last collaboration between (Walter Liberty) Vernon and (Howard) Joseland.


Two storey brick house retains its splendid setting and panoramic views of Sydney harbour. The characteristic Shavian planning is evident in the arrangement of the principal rooms, which overlook the harbour, around the substantial stair hall.

  • Site of an old Aboriginal camp and has a natural spring. Knox family connection.

  • Timber shingle roof destroyed by fire at turn of the century and replaced by terracotta shingles (NTA, 1978). 

Animation Leura Bellevue Hill -
Architect Howard Joseland
Malvern, Joseland's home at 41 Burns Road, Wahroonga
LEURA - 24 Victoria Rd, Bellevue Hill
Leura, 24 Victoria Road, BELLEVUE HILL
House 'Leura', Bellevue Hill, 1958
Redleaf, 8 Redleaf Av, Wahroonga, NSW

Redleaf, 8 Redleaf Av, Wahroonga, NSW

Redleaf has considerable architectural significance as a good example of a large Federation Queen Anne style residence with Arts and Crafts details.

  • The design was avant garde in its time and the house is now rare for the high integrity of its interiors, particularly the living area and the kitchen wing (Criteria F.1 and B.2)

  • The house is an important example of the work of the architect Harold Joseland, founding partner of the noted Sydney firm Joseland and Gilling (Criterion H.1). Redleaf was one of the first generation of houses built in Wahroonga with the coming of the railway. 

Leura, Bellevue Hill
Rippon Grange, 35-45 Water St, Wahroonga, NSW

Rippon Grange, 35-45 Water St, Wahroonga

The property includes a fine Federation Queen Anne house designed by the prominent architect, Howard Joseland, and retains much of its original fabric and integrity. The 1954 alterations and additions were designed by Cobden Parkes, Government Architect. 

The house and surviving grounds are generally in the form created for Frederick George Sargood, a prominent nineteenth century businessman. The grounds retain much of the original layout of paths and driveways and include early garden features such as croquet lawns, rock retaining walls and octagonal seating, and mature gum trees. 

The property is also associated with Ernest Robert Williams, a founding director of Woolworths. 

Rippon Grange
Wynstay Mansion, Mount Wilson NSW

'Wynstay' residence, Mt Wilson


There are two grant estates (at Mt. Wilson) Sefton Hall and Wynstay, the latter almost manorial, with gates at the end of 'The Avenue'.

  • This is a two storey, sandstone face building designed by Joseland & Gilling architects in the Inter-War Georgian Revival style. The original integrity and fabric of the building is superb. 

  • Wynstay has an octagonal gatehouse, castellated stables and a Turkish Bath House.

  • The original weatherboard house was replaced in the 1920s.

  • Its landscape is an imported forest: an avenue of Monterey pines (Cupressus macrocarpa), a Caucasian fir (Abies nordmaniana) and massive specimens of the California redwood (Sequoiadendron giganteum)(Tanner, 1979, 82). 

The Wynstay estate comprises the top of the hill at Mount Wilson, ending the axial view up the Avenue, its main street, and skirted by the road which winds to the east and west around Wynstay. This ability to be read in the round gives the estate much of its visual power and presence, with open space, a rich collection of mostly exotic 19th century tree plantings including a number of rare and unusual conifers, and built elements such as the Turkish Bathouse and hexagonal stone gate house are visible as incidents in the foliage or view from the road. 

Hollowforth, 146 Kurraba Road Neutral Bay
Dr Capper's House was designed by EJ Jackson in 1903
The Hastings, 2 Hayes Street Neutral Bay

Architect Edward Jeaffreson (Jefferson) Jackson

Edward Jeaffreson Jackson had a large influence on Sydney architecture in the late nineteenth century.

  • Many of the design elements of Sydney’s much-loved Federation bungalows can be traced back to the Arts and Crafts style of which Jackson was an important exponent.

  • Jackson was one of a distinguished group of architects who translated English revival styles, such as Arts and Crafts, into an Australian architectural form in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries." 

Federation architecture, as this style is broadly known, includes characteristic features such as high-pitched red roofs, tall chimneys, decorative woodwork and leaded windows.

  • Jackson claimed credit for introducing the red terracotta roof tiles that spread across Sydney’s North Shore in the early twentieth century. The tiles were so popular that Jackson himself came to refer to them as “scarlet fever.”

Jackson was also one of the first to introduce the bungalow style to Sydney, (a bungalow being a single or two storey house composed under a sprawling roof).

Jackson's Notable Houses

The NSW Heritage database lists 22 notable works by Jackson including these three houses of State Significance:


The Hastings, 2 Hayes Street Neutral Bay 

A large, dramatically designed Federation Arts and Crafts style house on an important harbourside site.

  • Design is attributed to noted architect E Jeaffreson Jackson.

  • Site includes a stone wall which may be associated with "Thrupps Cottage" or "Craignathan" both important early houses.


The Hastings is a two storey brick house with attic rooms below a multi-gabled roof of terracotta tiles.

  • It features a roughcast rendered upper floor and square tower with battlemented parapet, bracketed, oriel windows, timber shingled gable ends, and sills and lintels and windows, dramatic arched brick verandah entries and timber slat balustrades to upper verandahs. 


Hollowforth, 146 Kurraba Road Neutral Bay

A dramatic and innovative architectural statement in the shingle style by one of the leading architects of the Federation era, E. Jeaffreson Jackson.
  • Hollowforth joins with a number of Horbury Hunt's commissions to represent the finest examples of this shingle style within the State.

  • Hollowforth, 146 Kurraba Road was designed by architect, E. Jeaffreson Jackson in conjunction with S. G. Thorp for Professor Threlfall and completed in 1893. He named the house after the village in Lancashire where he was born. According to the North Sydney Heritage Study Review Inventory, “this is a dramatic and innovative architectural statement in the shingle style by one of the leading architects of the Federation era”.

  • A billiard room with bedroom over, was added to the Garden front on the eastern elevation by architects Spain and Cosh in 1913 for the then owner A H Way, Esq.This building is designed in the Federation Arts and Crafts style." 

'The Budds', 28 Mistral Avenue Mosman 

28 Mistral Avenue has historic and aesthetic significance as a rare Sydney example of a residence designed by the noted architect E. Jeaffreson Jackson around the turn of the century (1900) in the shingle (Federation Arts & Crafts) style displaying a North American influence.

  • The house is essentially intact and retains most of its original external detailing and materials including its timber shingles, casement windows and terracotta tiles.

  • The house is complemented by its tennis court and street tree planting of brush box (Lophostemon confertus) trees. 

Modifications and dates:

  • "Lady Budd said that the house had been altered before her family lived there and that she and her husband had made several extensive renovations.

  • "We bought the house from people named Jesson, who had let it for many years," Lady Budd said. "The Jessons put in the tennis court."

  • The Budds had the house re-roofed when the tiles started to deteriorate "about 20 years ago" and had installed fireplaces in 2 of the upstairs bedrooms.

Jackson's Notable Houses
Architect Edward Jeaffreson (Jefferson) Jackson
The Budds
The Hastings

Henry Budden


Henry E. Budden was a gifted and radical young architect who lived in Hunter's Hill from 1892 to 1910 and was known locallv as Harry Budden.

  • Henry was born in 1811 at Rockley, near Bathurst, and educated at the Bathurst Superior Public School and Newington College, Sydney.

  • In 1889 Budden was articled in architecture to Harry Kent and in the ensuing five years studied at Sydney Technical College and the University of Sydney.

  • After travelling on the Continent, he returned to England and worked in the office of Sir Aston Webb. He then crossed the Atlantic and worked in the Boston firm of Peabody & Stearns before returning to Australia via San Francisco.

  • He did return to "the colonies". In 1899 he came back to Moocooboolah, Alexandra Street, and also became a partner in the firm of Kent & Budden. lt was from this time that he began to design houses in Hunter's Hill.

  • The Budden family moved to the Sydney suburb of Hunters Hill in 1892 and Henry resided there until 1910.

  • Some of the best Federation style houses in Hunter Hill were designed by Henry Budden.

Henry Budden's Notable Works:

Budden's Federation Domestic Houses

Mount St Marys College and Convent
Henry Budden's Notable Works
Budden's Federation Domestic Houses
Chessetwood 8 Martin Road, Centennial Pa

Chessetwood 8 Martin Road Centennial Park NSW

A substantial two storey Federation Bungalow style brick residence with hipped and gabled slate roof, cement rendered first floor and chimney, multipaned timber framed double hung windows and french doors.

  • Features a prominent front verandah with large round roughcast columns and a timber picket balustrade featuring panels in an asterisk pattern.

  • Chesterwood physically represents the 1905 subdivision of Centennial Park lands, intended to fund the landscaping and development of Centennial Park, and subsequent development phase.

  • A Fine example of Federation Bungalow style architecture illustrative of the work of Kent Budden & Greenwell, Architects.

Henry Budden
Eurombedah Homestead Narromine NSW

Eurombedah Homestead 524 Eurombedah Road Narromine NSW

Built in the federation period, Euromedah homestead built for J.C.Ryrie is an interesting and expansive country homestead, architect designed by Henry Budden of Kent & Budden, the Architects for David Jones Store in Sydney.

  • The house is unusual in its extensive use of brickwork especially internally, the tuck-pointing of that brickwork , the use of arches and castellated chimneys.

  • It displays many features that must have been grand in its time including some pressed metal ceilings, fanlights, and art nouveau decoration. It remains impressive today. 

Eurombedah Homestead
‘Kurrowah’, 74 Alexandra Street in Hunters Hill
‘Kurrowah’, 74 Alexandra Street in Hunters Hill

‘Kurrowah’, 74 Alexandra Street Hunters Hill

“‘Kurrowah’ is a Henry Budden-designed home at 74 Alexandra Street in Hunters HIll, which came on the market for the first time in 30 years in 2012 with a $4.5m ask.

  • “At first, it seems like an intimidating price for a home that lacks water frontage and only can stake claim to obstructed water views.

  • “Weirdly, listing agent Matthew Ward of Ward Partners fails to mention the most important trait this home carries: Henry Budden.


“Budden was a prolific architect of public and institutional buildings in early-20th Century Sydney yet only designed a small smattering of residences, making Kurrowah all the more unique. 

  • “The architect began his practice around the turn of the century and designed the featured home in 1903 (not 1901, as is indicated on the listing). At that time, his asymmetric plan was straight up revolutionary.


According to the 1982 Hunters Hill Trust Journal”

  • “About 1903 Budden designed Kurrowah, the residence of Stephen H. Weedon, 74 Alexarrdra Street.

  • Here his enthusiasm for asymmetry is pronounced, in the broken roof lines and multitude of angles; this is connected with his imaginative use of site.

  • The house was reported and illustrated in the journal of the New South Wales lnstitute of Architects

“Mr. Weedon’s house shows clever treatment of a rather difficult problem in planning, the building being so arranged that the best rooms command the best views” (Art and Architecture, 2 [1905], 192-94).

Mornington, 16 Vernon Street Hunters Hill
Mornington, 16 Vernon Street Hunters Hill

Mornington, 16 Vernon Street Hunters Hill


Designed by Hunter's Hill Architect Henry Budden in 1906 for Arthur and Ada Muddle
(the house derives its name from Mrs.Muddle's fondness for the music of Lord Mornington).

  • This is perhaps Budden's finest house in Hunter's Hill.

  • It shows the tendency of Federation architecture to use a mixture of materials - brick, timber, shingles,
    rough-cast, slate, terracotta ridging, and sandstone as a rugged base.

  • It also shows Budden's prediliction for angular geometric shapes, with many bays and verandahs;
    the present owners rightly observe that, from above, it resembles a bird with outstretched wings.

  • The house is designed to take fullest advantage of the Lane Cove River views and of the movement of the sun around the house through the day. The two unusual little windows at the top were known locally as "the eyes of the river" and were clearly visible from the ferry as it rounded the peninsula towards Mornington Wharf (named after the house, as was Mornington

The Wurley, 26 Cleveland Street Wahroonga, NSW 2076

The Wurley, 26 Cleveland Street Wahroonga, NSW 2076

A magnificent grand Federation residence built in 1913, designed by noted architect Henry Budden.

  • Steeped in history and heritage listed

  • With sweeping verandahs and magnificent manicured grounds, an abundance of Gosford quarry sandstone defines the setting surrounding the heated swimming pool.

  • “The Wurley” is a feature home within the history of Wahroonga.

The Wurley

L to R: Robertson, Gould, Wm. De Putron (centre), Pitt, Milne, Miss Robertson

Grace Building 5045395b2.jpg

Above: Morrow and Gordon's Grace Building (1930)

Below: AWA Building and Tower (1937-1939)

AWA Building and Tower


D. T. Morrow and William de Putron

The journal, Building, described the work of Morrow and De Putron as

having ‘a personality … which stamps it as emanating from the one office, particularly in the purity of design, with its strictly modern feeling in being useful, as well as decorative’

It was this type of contemporary appreciation of the work of the firm Morrow & De Putron that led to their popularity and success.

  • However, an added attraction could have been the fact that one of their major clients was (the) Hordern retail family.

William De Putron

De Putron was born in Darlington, Sydney in 1872. He was articled to R. Clarence Backhouse in 1891 before working at J. Wildridge & Sinclair, Engineers and then Robertson & Marks, Architects.

  • In 1909, he entered into a partnership with David Thomas Morrow.

  • In 1908 De Putron had filled a ‘vacancy on Darlington Council’, becoming Mayor in 1912.

  • In 1911 De Putron married Alice Humphries, moved to Mosman where lived until his death in 1946. He opened his own practice in 1927 and served as an Alderman on Mosman Council from 1919-1928.


David Thomas Morrow

Morrow was born in 1871 and articled in 1891 to Morrell & Kemp, Architects.

  • In 1896 he married Caroline Horn and served as Mayor of Redfern Council.

  • In 1897 he opened his own firm, D. T. Morrow and from 1909 to 1927 was in partnership with De Putron, then Percy James Gordon accepted as a third partner in 1921.

  • After De Putron left, Morrow and Gordon continued to practice and were responsible for two famous Sydney landmarks,

  • the Grace Building in 1930 and

  • in 1939 the AWA Building in York Street.

Morrow and de Putron

During the 1880s David Thomas Morrow was articled to the firm of Morell & Kemp Architects of Sydney and was involved in the design and construction of many of the llargest buildings in the city.

  • In 1890 he commenced a partnership with William De Putron, but the bank crash of 1892 forced the two young men out of practice.

  • In 1887 Morrow recommenced work as an architect in George Street, Newtown, and by the turn of the century had developed a respectable clientele, designing both city and suburban works.

  • He was also an Alderman of Redfern Municipal Council for some years.

In 1900 he entered into partnership again with William De Putron who had become Chief Draftsman in the office of Robertson & Marks. 

Morrow and de Putron's Notable works

Morrow & de Putron's Notable Works
Morrow and de Putron
David Thomas Morrow
William De Putron
Architects D. T. Morrow and William de Putron

Morrow & de Putron's Notable Houses

Morrow & de Putron's Notable Houses
Babworth House
Babworth House aerial view

Babworth House 103 Darling Point Rd, Darling Point, NSW


Babworth House is an excellent and rare example of the Federation Arts and Crafts style in grand domestic architecture in Australia.

  • The quality and uniqueness of the exterior and interior detailing, incorporating both Art Nouveau and neoclassical motifs and forms is of a standard and scale rarely seen in domestic architecture.

  • The workmanship and detailing of the external cement render work is of national significance technically. 

Built 1905 to the designs of Morrow and de Peutron in Art Nouveau style.

  • The exterior of the house is executed in cast cement, with very fine relief patterns.

  • An elaborate porte cochere and verandahs front the house, which is topped off with a slate roof, whose large gables have a bungalow connotation.

  • The interiors have a wealth of Art Nouveau and eighteenth century ornament, including a significant staircase.

Babworth House a2286003h.jpg
Milton Park animation.gif
Milton Park 2387781303_f79e1a17c1.jpg

 Milton Park Homestead and Gardens,  Horderns Rd, Bowral, NSW


Milton Park is an early twentieth century homestead complex with a significantly large homestead of the Federation Arts and Crafts style, constructed in 1910, and a significant large garden of an Edwardian style, primarily established in the 1930s, and outbuildings.

Milton Park Garden and Homestead exhibit a design style of exceptional interest:

  • the homestead demonstrates the Federation Arts and Crafts style, with rendered and shingled walls, hipped and gabled roofs, tall chimneys and Art Noveau detailing;

  • while the gardens demonstrate the Edwardian style with both Arts and Crafts and English Flower Garden characteristics, demonstrated by the herbaceous border, the compartmentalised areas, sunken garden, walled areas, stone steps and topiary.

Milton Park Homestead & Gardens
Retford Park Mansion.jpg

Retford Park Mansion(1887-1907), Old South Road, Bowral

A large Victorian mansion built of sandstone and plastered, with a slate roof and an exterior colour scheme of Portuguese pink with white trimmings, it is of Italianate design which followed the general style of Retford Hall at Darling Point (built by E.Blacket for Samuel Horden).

Retford Park was the home of James Fairfax AC, a former Chairman and Director of the publicly listed media group John Fairfax Limited.

  • The Retford Park house was completed in 1887 and included horse and cattle facilities. Samuel Hordern and his son, Sir Samuel Hordern, were skilled cattle and horse breeders and won numerous prizes at the Royal Agricultural Society’s Easter Show.

  • The last Hordern resident, Samuel Hordern III, died in a car accident in 1960 and an American owned company, King Ranch, briefly owned the property thereafter.

  • It is a two-storeyed rectangular house surmounted by a square tower of 4 storeys, with verandahs on both levels around the front and halfway along each side and an elaborate porte-cochere which is almost Latin cross in shape.

JAMES FAIRFAX, the philanthropic former chairman of the publishing company that bears his family name, has bequeathed Retford Park, his imposing Highlands mansion,  to the National Trust for the benefit of the public.

  • Set on 120 hectares at Bowral, Retford Park has been the country home of the arts patron, since he paid £15,000 in 1964 for it on a then four-hectare holding.

  • It sits in lush gardens that include the recent planting of three Wollemi pines.

  • “I think Retford Park is an important part of the heritage of the Wingecarribee Shire area and provision has been made in my will for the house and the immediate surrounding land, including the garden, to be left in trust to be viewed by future generations,” Mr Fairfax said.

Retford Park Mansion
Bertrand J. (BJ) Waterhouse
Hollowforth by BJ Waterhouse

Above: Hollowforth sketches by BJ Waterhouse


An excellent pencil draughtsman, Waterhouse had exhibited drawings at annual exhibitions of the (Royal) Art Society of New South Wales from 1902.

  • He travelled through Europe in 1926 with Lionel Lindsay and Will Ashton, and in 1932 exhibited his drawings at the Macquarie Galleries, Sydney.

  • A trustee of the National Art Gallery of New South Wales from 1922, Waterhouse was president in 1939-58; he was also State president of the Society of Arts and Crafts.

Bertrand J. (BJ) Waterhouse 

See also archived pages:

Known as 'B.J.', he studied architecture at Sydney Technical College while articled to John Spencer. On 6 July 1898 Waterhouse married 19-year-old Lilian Woodcock (d.1955) at Christ Church St Laurence.

Joining the professional relieving staff of the Department of Public Works in March 1900, he worked in the harbours and rivers branch and became a relieving architectural draftsman. In partnership with J. W. H. Lake from 1908, Waterhousebuilt up a substantial practice, particularly in the Cremorne-Neutral Bay area.

Until the mid-1920s his domestic architecture drew on the Arts and Crafts Movement, with steeply gabled roofs, extensive use of sandstone in the basements, shingle tiles and roughcast exterior wall surfaces.

  • Thereafter his style showed a strong Mediterranean influence, a notable example being May Gibbs's house, Nutcote, with textured stucco walls and symmetrical, twelve-paned, shuttered windows.

  • Waterhouse could be described as the Sydney equivalent of English architect C.F.A. Voysey, whose Arts and Crafts houses in England were widely admired in the early twentieth century.

  • A typical Waterhouse residence featured asymmetrical, picturesque massing, strongly expressed roofs, usually with dominant gables; porches, balconies and verandahs; and at least one facetted oriel or bay external wall finish, together with areas of timber shingling or tile-hanging. Inside, the main rooms displayed timber wainscoting on the walls and heavy timber beams below the ceilings.

  • He continued to design in this manner until the early 1920s.


  • NSW Government Architect's Office. (1900–08)

  • Waterhouse and Lake (1908-??)

  • Worked in association with Leslie Wilkinson

  • Director, and later Chairman,National Capital Planning and Development Committee, New South Wales (1938–58)

Construction Styles


BJ Waterhouse's Notable architectural works

A dozen Waterhouse designs are listed on the Register of the National Estate; Nutcote and Tulkiyan are NSW State Heritage Listed, and another forty are local government listed;

Buildings listed under the NSW Heritage Act
  • Nutcote, 5 Wallaringa Avenue, Neutral Bay, North Sydney, NSW 

  • Tulkiyan, 707 Pacific Highway, Gordon, New South Wales, Ku-ring-gai, NSW

Waterhouse's Notable architectural works
Waterhouse's Career
BJ Waterhouse

Ailsa, 33 Shellcove Road, Neutral Bay

Shellcove Road (originally called Shelcote Avenue) became one of Neutral Bay's most select residential addresses, with large architect-designed 'gentlemen's residences' on the waterfront commanding expansive views of the harbour. Architect BJ Waterhouse (of Waterhouse and Lake) designed a number of houses here.

  • Ailisa was built for Captain Robert Craig in 1908, and was one of the first buildings Waterhouse designed after entering private practice.

  • Ailsa is an exceptionally fine example of the federation arts and crafts style of state heritage significance and which was described by architect Clive Lucas as “an extremely important house and one of the most avant grade houses of its day”.

Ailsa, Neutral Bay
The Crossways 50 Martin Road Centennial Park

The Crossways 50 Martin Road Centennial Park NSW

The Crossways is aesthetically significant as one of the finest examples of the Federation Arts & Crafts style in Australia, and one of the finest works of architect B.J. Waterhouse of Waterhouse & Lake. 

  • The house shows some American influences.

  • The house is also historically significant as the residence of Dr Craig Gordon, physician and surgeon.


A massive, part 2, part 3 storey mansion with 2 hipped slate roofed pavilions (one three storey, one two storey) linked by a 2 storey parapeted section with a triangular parapet over its centre.

  • Walls are cement rendered. Timber framed casement windows feature square paned leadlights. There is a 2 storey bay window to the centre of the Martin Road facade, and 4 massive tapering chimneys. Sandstone base to the two ground floor pavilions.

  • The pavilion on the north side of the facade is an addition, however the designer has blended this addition into the original building with matching detailing.

Tulkiyan 707 Pacific Highway Gordon NSW

Tulkiyan 707 Pacific Highway Gordon NSW

Tulkiyan House is a Federation arts and crafts style house built in 1913 by Bertrand J Waterhouse

  • Tulkiyan, located on the Pacific Highway was designed by Bertrand James Waterhouse, an architect who was popular for his residential work (he was also responsible for the design of Nutcote, the home of painter May Gibbs).

  • He designed Tulkiyan in the Arts and Crafts style that he favoured in much of his work. Tulkiyan was built on part of a land grant that went back to 1823. The land changed hands many times until it was acquired by the Donaldson family, who commissioned Waterhouse to design the house. 

  • It stayed in the hands of the Donaldson family until 1994, when it was bequeathed to Ku-ring-gai Council. Tulkiyan has a state heritage listing.


"Tulkiyan is an important, intact example of a fine Arts & Crafts suburban villa, designed by eminent Edwardian architect B.J. Waterhouse of the architectural firm of Waterhouse and Lake, for a prominent local family.

  • The design of the house, together with their contents, represent the taste and lifestyle of the upper middle class in Sydney prior to World War 1, and document the building's ownership and occupation by the Donaldson Family for 80 years with a minimum of alteration from the original 1913 house.

  • The ownership has remained in the one family from the commissioning of the architect to its bequest to Ku-ring-gai Council by Miss Margaret Donaldson in 1985.

  • The largely intact interior is furnished with most of the original contents of the house. There is comprehensive documentary evidence relating to the house, family, contents and garden. The house and its garden setting also represent the suburban expansion of Gordon during the early twentieth century (Noel Bell Ridley Smith, 1998, 43).

Brent Knowle, 31 Shellcove Rd Kurraba Point

On land next to Ailsa, Sydney financier Major Joseph Henry Evans Booker commissioned Waterhouse and Lake to design a house for him in 1914.

  • Brent Knowle is a large and impressive federation arts and crafts style house designed by noted architect, B. J. Waterhouse in 1914. It was built for Major J. H. Evans Booker and cost a princely sum of £10,000 to build at that time.

  • The house was designed with servants areas, coach house and garage wing, on a sloping site with roofs pitched at 45˚. Herbert E. Pratten bought the house about 1917.

  • The house is named after a district near Bristol, England where the Pratten Family came from

  • Brent Knowle, in Shellcove Road, influenced home design in the area for at least the next fifteen years and has a state heritage listing.-

Brent Knowle
Tulkiyan, Gordon
The Crossways, Centennial Park
Front view The Gables, 16 Spruson Street Cremorne

The Gables, 16 Spruson Street Cremorne,

was another Waterhouse design and was built after 1920.

The Gables is a particularly fine Federation Arts and crafts bungalow designed in 1921 by and for well-known architect B. J. Waterhouse and his family.

  • They lived here for 12 years and sold the house in 1933.

  • It was influenced by the "shingle style" which was brought to Sydney by Horbury Hunt, and featured prominent gables and extensive use of shingles."

  • More Waterhouse designs appeared in Shellcove Road in the vicinity of The Cobbles and Brent Knowle.

The Gables
Rowerdennan (1913), 5 Warrawee Avenue Warrawee
Rowerdennan (1913), 5 Warrawee Avenue Warrawee

Rowerdennan (1913), 5 Warrawee Avenue Warrawee

  • Rowardennan is a significant landmark Residence, situated in one of the finest streets, in the exclusive leafy suburb of Warrawee with a short walk to the station, private schools and shops. 

  • Built around 1913 and positioned at the end of a gravel driveway with hedged corridors, lights and statues, the home exemplifies splendour and architectural mastery by renowned architect B.J. Waterhouse. 

  • Rowardennan is a significant landmark Residence

The Residence
  • Blissfully quiet and utterly private, the home has been fastidiously renovated for modern day comforts. 

  • Meticulously maintained with attention to detail including quality fixtures and fittings. 

  • Decorative cornices and ceilings, Cedar doors, reverse cycle air conditioning, polished Jarrah and Oak parquetry floors and back to base security system. 

  • Comprising an entry foyer, a powder room with hand painted French accessories, a formal lounge with two open fire places, separate banquet dining room with open fire place, a second family room with bevelled glass French doors opening on to a covered veranda with views across a terrace of level lawns overlooking the pool. 

  • At the opposite end of the home is a brand new Caesar stone European kitchen and huge family living with casual dining opening on to a sun drenched courtyard. 

Rowerdennan Warrawee
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