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Interwar Old English Style

Above: Tudor Revival style from  National Trust: Our Interwar Houses (1991)

Artists studios at Montsalvat, Hillcrest Av, Eltham, VIC

1/1
 
 
 
 

Interwar Old English Style in exclusive Melbourne

 

Styles Illustrated below:

Interwar Old English Styles

 

All of these houses, mansions and flats above were built in, or nearby, Toorak, are architect-designed, and have now been heritage assessed as Locally Significant Buildings. 

"... it is in (our) domestic architecture that our architects have made their richest contribution." from Barry Humphries' Forward to National Trust: Our Interwar Houses (1991)​​​

English Domestic Revival Styles

  • Above: The house at 46 Albany Road stands on the north-east corner of Albany and Kooyong Roads

Commonly referred to as Tudor or Old English, the English Domestic revival was an offshoot of the Arts and Crafts medievalism of the late nineteenth century, and shared that movement's values in terms of:

  • dark, natural colourings,

  • a predominance of brickwork,

  • the use of half timbering and a

  • love of wrought iron and leadlight windows

    (e.g. Heritage Citation Reports of City of Stonningham VIC)

English Domestic Revival

An offshoot of the cult of the Picturesque and the Gothic Revival, it was essentially a style of domestic architecture that incorporated forms, details, and materials found in English vernacular buildings, including:

  • steeply pitched tile roofs, dormers,

  • timber-framing and jettied construction,

  • small-paned mullioned and transomed windows (often with leaded lights),

  • tile-hung walls,

  • tall chimneys (often of the Tudor type in carved and moulded brick), and

  • carefully contrived asymmetrical compositions. Also called Old English style.[1] (Encyclopeida.com)

Old English architecture was typified by the use of 

  • red or clinker brick,

  • brick nogging and/or half timbering in gables or upper storeys,

  • boldly modelled brick chimneys and

  • terracotta tile roofs. (National Trust: Our Interwar Houses)

Above: English Revival style from  National Trust: Our Interwar Houses (1991)

 

Old English style

 
Grenfell House, 9 Mernda Rd, Kooyong

Tapestry briciwork at 'Grenfell House'. 9 Mernda Rd, Kooyong VIC designed by Godfrey & Spowers — the firm famous for creating the old Argus newspaper building.

Above: Kings Lynn, 280 Williams Road, Toorak: Two storey inter-war'Old English' style maisonettes, designed by P.J. O'Connor showing Gothic turret and brick chimneys with chimney pots

  • Steeply pitched roofs with gables rather than hips were a typical characteristic of the larger, two storey examples, though small suburban houses often had a combination of hips and gables.​

  • Walls were usually sheer rather than textured and ended flush with the gable of the roof.

  • Sometimes manganese bricks or tiles or tapestry bricks (see left) were used to highlight openings and to decorate walls.

  • Picturesque asymmetry was attained through double or triple fronts to the facade, arched porch entries, large, prominent chimneys and, in larger examples, oriel windows and towers.

  • Porches were generally small, and the traditional Australian verandah was not included except in some hybrid examples.

  • Windows were of the sash or casement types, and often featured twelve panes or diamond pattern leadlight.

  • Muted colours were appropriate to this style. Cream, off-white, buff, stone, terracotta and dark brown were most popular. Dark stained timber and red brick were the dominant materials, and cast iron painted black or a dark chocolate brown was also common.[2]

 11 Grosvenor Court, Toorak is a double-storey limestone clad Arts and Crafts style building. It was designed by architect Bernard Sutton and built c1936

A number of new economies in materials facilitated the rise of the English Domestic revival.

  • The increasingly availability of seasoned hardwoods made possible the use of brick nogging and half-timbering, even in the most modest house.

  • Added to this was the introduction of terracotta shingle tiles, manufactured by the Eureka tile company in their Ballarat kilns.

By the late 1920s, the inclusion of imitation half timbering in the black and white tradition declined although buildings continued to achieve medieval associations through picturesque massing of gabled and hipped roofs and through the application of elements such as leadlight windows.

Above: 3 Benson Avenue Toorak, Vic 3142 

Below: Robert Hamilton's own home at Mt Martha

Below Old English design at Artists' studios, Montsalvat, Hillcrest Av, Eltham, VIC

Avington 3 Illawarra CrescentToorak, Vic 3142, desinged by Robert Hamilton c1920

Below: Talzie or Telgai House at 4 Struan Street, Toorak designed by Robert Hamilton

Above: Vernacular half-timbered traditional Norman cottage at Saint-Sulpice-de-Grimbouville, Normandie, France

Vernacular Inspiration

Architects also looked to the vernacular of England and Normandy for inspiration. 

  • The use of an external style drawing heavily from medieval precedents became a means of expressing the solidity and longevity of British traditions.

  • Old English or Tudor styled houses were associated with a profound Empire consciousness.

Larger houses of the type exploited the associations of the manor to convey wealth and social status.

 

Above: Folly Farm, Berkshire 1906, by Edwin Lutyens

  • A large Tudor house, no matter how new, somehow conveyed a sense that wealth, even recently achieved, was permanent.

  • So common was the use of this idiom within the nouveau riche enclaves of Toorak and South Yarra that the essentially British term 'Stockbroker Tudor' gained popular usage.

Above; House near Guilford, Surrey, by C. F. A. Voysey

Below: Alfred Arthur Billson House Toorak 

Most Significant Old English Buildings in Stonnington VIC

 

A substantial number of residences drawing inspiration from English Domestic revival sources were built in the well-heeled suburbs of Stonnington during the interwar period.

Examples in this mode with individual Stonnington heritage controls: 
(click picture for larger view or click the link to jump to heritage citation)


Glenholme, 3 Hopetoun Road, Toorak (HO327)

One of the more impressive Old English revival style houses in Toorak, and an excellent example of this popular style

 


Carn Brae, 429 Glenferrie Road, Malvern (HO313)

An extremely imposing Old English style building, it is of particular note for the massive two storey form and the large terracotta shingle roof, slightly curved out at the eaves.

 


Avington, 3 Illawara Crescent, Toorak (HO62)

A very intact and detailed Medieval revival house with half timbering, tile hung wall shingles, patterned brickwork, terra cotta shingled roofing, and leaded glass.

  • It appears to be very intact

  • Built by architect Robert Hamilton, Victoria’s foremost practitioner of the inter-war Old English/Tudor Revival style during the 1930s, this property sits at the end of a prestigious cul-de-sac and is surrounded by well-established gardens.

 


Stallwood House, 8 Monaro Road, Kooyong (HO277)

Apart from its early use of the suburban Old English style (or `Stockbroker Tudor'), this house is unusual because of the number of times it appeared in the national home magazine, `The Australian Home Beautiful'.

 

 

Telgai, 4 Struan Street, Toorak (HO168)

A superb and externally well-preserved example of the Old English style, from 1923, to 1932, showing strong links to the style's origins, as in the work of CFA Voysey and Norman Shaw

 

 

46 Albany Road Toorak

This house was built c1936-1937 for Edith K Noonan to designs by architect A Mortimer McMillan.

The substantial English Domestic Revival style house at 46 Albany Road, Toorak was built on land subdivided from grounds of the nineteenth century mansion Yar Orrong.

Gallery: Malvern's Old English Style Houses

Above: 13 Myamyn Street, Armadale VIC is an attic storey English Domestic Revival style building with Shingle style overtones. It was built c1926 to designs by the noted interwar architect Robert Bell Hamilton.

Glenholme, 3 Hopetoun Road, Toorak (HO327)
Carn Brae, 429 Glenferrie Road, Malvern (HO313)
Avington, 3 Illawara Crescent, Toorak (HO62)
Stallwood House, 8 Monaro Road, Kooyong (HO277)
Telgai, 4 Struan Street, Toorak (HO168)
46 Albany Road Toorak
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Above and Above Left:: The Red House in Upton, Bexleyheath for William Morris co-designed in 1859 by the architect Philip Webb and the designer William Morris

 

A major source of the English Domestic Revival or Old English styles was the work of English architect, Phillip Webb (1830-1915), particularly his Red House at Bexley Heath of 1859. 

  • Webb's designs were simple but always picturesque adaptations of Tudor architecture and became a model for much domestic architecture in Britain from the late 19th century to the second world war.

The main architects of this revival included Webb, Richard Norman Shaw (1831-1912), and CFA Voysey (1857-1941).
 

  • Design in a true Old English mode runs right through the 1920s but it gained much greater momentum from the early 1930s as the bungalow and Spanish Mission began to wane in popularity in Australia.

  • From this time it was taken up by a far greater proportion of the architectural profession, and began to appear as a builder's expression.

  • Some of the more progressive designers in this mode, such as Edward Billson and Osborn McCutcheon, incorporated modern planning with careful zoning of spaces according to function.

  • Few houses designed by either architects or builders took the opportunity to break away from revivalism in Old English design other than through the process of progressive simplification, the hallmark of late 1930s stylism.

 Glyn 224 Kooyong Rd Toorak
 Engholm House, 404 Glenferrie Rd, Kooyong
 

Malvern's Old English Style Houses

Houses in the former City of Malvern which derive from Old English or English Medieval styles identified in heritage studies of the City are listed below.

  • The style group can be further broken up into places which have an Arts & Crafts or English Domestic Revival basis, that date typically from the Edwardian-era and around WW1, and those which resemble the suburban Old English style of the house at Monaro Rd that are typically from the late 1920s but more typically the 1930s.

  • The latter type has the characteristic main hipped roof, with projecting half-timbered gable, clinker brick walls, stained `oak' beams exposed on the exterior at porches and timber framed often grouped windows with diamond panes.[5]

  • (click picture for larger view or click the link to jump to heritage citation)

Glyn 224 Kooyong Rd Toorak

224 Kooyong Rd, Tootak
built 1908 and designed by Klingender & Alsop:
Glyn is not just one of Melbourne’s grandest mansions. It is also one of Victoria’s most significant homes, an arts and crafts classic that represents the pinnacle of this distinctive style. (Heritage Assessment)

  • Architect Rodney Alsop designed Glyn in 1908 as a statement of wealth and privilege for the financier, banker and politician, Sir Edward Miller.


Engholm House, 404 Glenferrie Rd, Kooyong
built 1911 and designed by HD Annear
It’s a trophy house with a rich and colourful history. The renowned architect Harold Desbrowe Annear designed the two-storey house in the Arts and Crafts style in 1911 for Charles Engholm.

  • In the 1930s Marcus Martin, a young architect working in Desbrowe Annear’s studio, completed alterations to the house.

  • Marcus went on to become the darling of Toorak and South Yarra society, designing and renovating houses in both suburbs. (Heritage Assessment)

  • People driving or travelling by tram along Glenferrie Road would recognise the house on its elevated site near the corner of Glenferrie and Toorak roads.

  • They call it the black and white house because of its half-timbered gables. It even gets a gig on walking tours of Malvern.

  • Many of Melbourne’s establishment families have called 404 Glenferrie Road home. They include the Kimptons (of flour milling fame), and engineer and company director, Sir Harold Stokes.

  • At a recent open-for-inspection Sir Harold’s daughter Mrs Patricia Ritman provided an in-depth account of life there in the 1950s and 60s.

 
 

Crumpford 2 Stonnington Place, Toorak
built 1918 and designed by Klingender & Alsop

  • This picturesque English style cottage at 2 Stonnington Place is notable for its simple single ridged slate gable roof containing attic rooms with flat deck dormers.

  • Renowned architect Rodney Alsop designed and built a unique precinct in this section of Stonnington Place.

  • (Heritage Assessment)

  • The cottages included:

The Croft, 4 Stonnington Place (1913) was Alsop‘s own house, now demolished

8 Stonnington Place (1914)
Tongaboo, 6 Stonnington Place (1916) Crumpford, 2 Stonnington Place (1918)

(Former) Player House, 333 Glenferrie Road, Malvern
built 1918 and designed by Arthur & Hugh Peck (Heritage Assessment)

The former Player house at 333 Glenferrie Road, Malvern is architecturally significant, as a good if somewhat altered example of the English Domestic Revival mode, with distinctive elements such as the bell cast forms,

The former Player house was identified as a significant building in the City of Malvern Heritage Study (Nigel Lewis and Associates, 1992). The later Individual Heritage Place Citation prepared by Graeme Butler and Associates (March 2002, updated October 2003) identified the dwelling as a being of ‘local significance’.

 

Windarring2 Glyndebourne Ave, Toorak
built 1918 and designed by Oakden & Ballantyne
Glyndebourne Avenue, created in 1919 with the subdivision of the ‘Glyndebourne’ Heights Estate, was well placed to attract home-owners expecting the latest in architectural styles. (Heritage Assessment)

Windarring: (2 Glyndebourne Ave) Double storey interwar villa with attic storey.

Divided into units, Heritage Overlay Number HO180 (Power Street Precinct Toorak).

This striking two-storey Craftsman style house was designed by the accomplished partnership of Oakden and Ballantyne, forerunners in the American Bungalow style, with low gables, overhanging roofs, heavy beams, rough-cast walls and flat roofed verandahs with thick pylon supports, was quickly gaining momentum. Sold 31 May 2015 for $3.021199 million. Sale Listing and Photos.

19 Moorhouse St, Armadale

built 1920 and designed by Henry H Kemp
The distinctive charm of this two-storey 1923 Arts and Crafts family residence is a well-known local landmark. The understated elegance of the sun-filled interior creates an immediate impact and leaves a lasting impression.  Sold 2016 for 7.52 million.

This unique home has been beautifully renovated and extended to deliver practical family flexibility and wonderful indoor/outdoor living and entertaining, capitalizing on northern light and providing lovely vistas of a mature 'garden for all seasons' designed by Rick Eckersley. Sale Listing and photos

 
 
 
 
 
 
Little Milton, 26 Albany Rd, Toorak

13 Myamyn St, Armadale
built 1925 and designed by Robert B Hamilton

The house at 13 Myamyn Street, Armadale is an attic storey English Domestic Revival style building with Shingle style overtones. It was built c1926 to designs by the noted interwar architect Robert Bell Hamilton. This stylishly renovated and extended English Style residence offers outstanding accommodation and a flowing floor-plan that lends itself perfectly to formal and informal entertaining. Traditionally attractive street presence, c1926, reflects gracious interior featuring oak panelling and polished floors beneath high ceilings in large formal lounge, adjoining dining and sunny sitting room opening to private courtyard.


Little Milton, 26 Albany Rd, Toorak
built 1925-6 and designed by Stephenson & Meldrum

Little Milton is of architectural significance as an outstanding example of an Old English/Art and Crafts style, interwar
mansion. Its massing and detailing are skilfully executed and the house sits comfortably in its landscaped environs, although, perhaps unusually, it makes no attempt to capitalise on its corner siting;

Little Milton, 26 Albany Rd, Toorak
 
 
Carn Brae, 429 Glenferrie Road, Malvern (HO313)
14 Myamyn St, Armadale built 1929
12 Macquarie Rd, Toorak
  • Architect Muriel Stott and landscaping by Edna Walling

  • Style: English Country Arts and Crafts
    It is claimed that Muriel Stott, whose family conducted a business college, modelled the house on Great Milton, a large residence in the Cotswolds. 

  • Read more at VHD


Carn Brae, 429 Glenferrie Road, Malvern
429 Glenferrie Rd, built 1927 and designed by Eric Beedham

An extremely imposing Old English style building, it is of particular note for the massive two storey form and the large terracotta shingle roof, slightly curved out at the eaves.


14 Myamyn St, Armadale
built 1929 and designed by Leslie Reed

This stunning Period residence with an in-ground pool and spa is infused with elegant glamour and designer chic. Both indoor and outdoor spaces are testament to the artisan design and superior quality from the travertine lobby to the banks of picture windows, magnificent gardens, luxurious finishes and the latest in home living and entertainment spaces.

 


9 Yar Orrong Rd, Toorak
built 1929 and designed by FL & K Klingender

A large Old English style house, with strong rood, building forms and massings. The large gables are similar in form to Alsop and Klingender's Wertheim residence at 13 Whernside Avenue Toorak.

12 Macquarie Rd, Toorak
built 1930 and designed by Robert Hamilton

Overlooking a well established northern garden on an allotment in excess of 13,000 sq.ft., this superb English style four bedroom plus study residence offers an outstanding family environment with a wonderful blend of spacious light-filled formal and informal living areas all with beautiful garden aspects.  

Upstairs: 4 bedrooms (main with ensuite, dressing room/WIR and balcony) 

A wonderful northern views over Kooyong Valley and beyond. 

 


19 Power Ave,Toorak
built 1932 and designed by Arnaud Wright

In 1932/33, architect Arnaud Wright designed a number of the Old English style houses on the west side of Power Ave including 23, 21, 19, 17 and 15.

 

 


Taltra 3 Benson Ave, Toorak (formerly 'Clovelly')
built 1933 and possible a derivative design in Walter & Richard Butler style in the Arts and Crafts style. [6]

 


Sunleigh Lodge 5 Russell St, Toorak
built 1933 and designed by Robert Hamilton

A simple attic cottage designedt by Rodney Alsop and Marcus Martin.

 


Stallwood house, 8 Monaro Road, Malvern

Apart from its early use of the suburban Old English style (or `Stockbroker Tudor'), this house is unusual because of the number of times it appeared in the national home magazine, `The Australian Home Beautiful'.

It was pictured in the cover twice and in detail in another issue, making it among the most publicised suburban home designs in the inter-war issues of the periodical. (Heritage Assessment)


653-655 Toorak Rd, Toorak
built 1936 and designed by AW Plaisted

 

A magnificent Toorak landmark situated on 1,728 sqm approximately, this iconic c1920's English Tudor-style residence, set within spectacular north-facing gardens with tennis court and pool showcases unforgettable elegance, superlative designer style by David Hicks and lavish proportions

Of Victorian State significance as the high point of the career of architect Arthur Plaisted after his early success with Hartpury Court in Elwood, and before he fell out of favour after trenchant criticism by Robin Boyd over his Castle Towers project in South Yarra.

The chimneys are powerful elements projecting above extended chimney breasts with a pair of angled chimneys dominating the view from the street. Visible Tudor style window casements.

Sale listing and photos.

 

4 Turnbull Ave, Toorak
built 1937 and designed by AW Plaisted

A fine example of the picturesque Old English style by Architect Arthur Plaisted.
The character of the projecting car garage form is a clever device that adds complexity and interest, while concealing its true function.

Denby Dale, 424 Glenferrie Rd, Toorak
built 1938 and designed by Robert Hamilton & Associate Marcus Norris

This apartment complex represents the high point in Interwar development of apartments set in garden courts and designed in the Old English style.


Denby Dale consists of twelve flats in three blocks of two storys in height and each story contains two flats. Perhaps the finest example of the Luxury flat type designed by Robert Hamilton

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4 Turnbull Ave, Toorak built 1937
 
 
 
Denby Dale, 424 Glenferrie Rd, Toorak
Denby Dale, 424 Glenferrie Rd, Toorak built 1938
Denby Dale, 424 Glenferrie Rd, Toorak built 1938
  • Denby Dale's group of clinker brick apartments, designed by Robert Hamilton & Associate, Marcus Norris, feature Tudor and other Mediaeval elements including a half timbered façade and terracotta shingled roofs. The complex incorporates a return driveway linked by rustic pergolas and mature gardens. 

 

Hopetoun Flats, 1077 Malvern Rd, Malvern
built 1939 and designed by Marcus R Barlow, & Assoc

These flats are an elaborate design using Old English style.
A particularly fine example of an Old English style development which provides a dominant character to this important corner of Hopetoun Road.

 

Stonnington Interwar Houses Study

The Stonnington Interwar Houses Study [4] has found that the following houses that were proposed for protection by Amendment L47 still meet the threshold of local significance (A2 graded) and warrant individual protection as part of Amendment C222:

Note that the heritage assessments have been moved in Stonnington's archives. 

However I list the old address for the sake of completion. Clicking on the thumbnail picture below will either bring up a Victorian Heritage Database entry or photograph.


1 Chesterfield Avenue, Malvern

The substantial Old English style house at 1 Chesterfield Avenue, Malvern was constructed c1928 to designs by architects Hudson and Wardrop.
It was built on a nineteenth century subdivision, at a time when Malvern was experiencing a major growth in suburban housing.

Old Citation: 1-Chesterfield-Avenue-Malvern.pdf

 

10 Whernside Avenue, Toorak
The large Arts and Crafts style house at 10 Whernside Avenue, Toorak was constructed c1918 on land subdivided from the grounds of the nineteenth century Whernside mansion estate.

Old Citation: 10-Whernside-Avenue-Toorak.pdf

 

 

11 Grosvenor Court, Toorak
The house at 11 Grosvenor Court, Toorak is a double-storey limestone clad Arts and Crafts style building. It was designed by architect Bernard Sutton and built c1936 on land subdivided from the nineteenth century mansion Grosvenor.

Old Citation: 11-Grosvenor-Court-Toorak.pdf

 

13 Myamyn Street, Armadale
The house at 13 Myamyn Street, Armadale is an attic storey English Domestic Revival style building with Shingle style overtones. It was built c1926 to designs by the noted interwar architect Robert Bell Hamilton.

Old Citation: 13-Myamyn-Street-Armadale.pdf

 


Wiltondale, 25 Heyington Place, Toorak was built c1929 to designs by architect Robert Bell Hamilton.

The property originally formed part of the Beaulieu (later Kilbride) mansion estate, and in recent decades was incorporated into St Catherineʼs School.

Old Citation: 17-25-Heyington-Place-Toorak.pdf

 

2 Irving Road, Toorak


The house at 2 Irving Road, Toorak is a large rendered masonry double-storey building constructed in 1922 to designs by the noted architectural firm Sydney Smith and Ogg. The house was built on land subdivided from ‘Devorgilla’ (later Larundel).

 

Old Citation: 2-Irving-Road-Toorak.pdf (Classical Chicago style)

 

2 Ledbury Court, Toorak
The house at 2 Ledbury Court, Toorak is a large, double-storey Old English style residence designed by architect Charles Neville Hollinshed. It was built c1933 on land subdivided from the nineteenth century mansion estate Medindie (formerly ‘The Elms’).

Old Citation: 2-Ledbury-Court-Toorak.pdf

 

20 Heyington Place, Toorak
The large double-storey Old English style house at 20 Heyington Place, Toorak was constructed in 1933 to designs by architect A Mortimer McMillan. It was built on land subdivided from the grounds of the nineteenth century mansion Dalmeny.

 

Old Citation: 20-Heyington-Place-Toorak.pdf

 

La Chaumiere, 219 Kooyong Road, Toorak
219 Kooyong Road, Toorak is a large double-storey interwar house with a hybrid French provincial/English Domestic revival character. It was constructed in 1932 to designs by prolific interwar architects A & H L Peck, on land subdivided from the grounds of the c1891 mansion Dalmeny.

Old Citation: 219-Kooyong-Road-Toorak.pdf

 

22 St Georges Road, Toorak
The building at 22 St Georges Road, Toorak is a double-storey English Domestic Revival style house with a circular conical roofed tower recalling French provincial architecture. It was built in 1937 to designs by noted architect Edward Fielder Billson. The property was created out of the Toorak House mansion estate.

 

Old Citation: 22-St-Georges-Road-Toorak.pdf

221 Kooyong Road, Toorak
The house at 221 Kooyong Road, Toorak is a large double-storey Old English style residence.It was built in 1933 on land subdivided from the grounds of the late-nineteenth century mansion Dalmeny.

 

Old Citation: 221-Kooyong-Road-Toorak.pdf

 

26 St George Road, Toorak
The property at 26 St George Road, Toorak is occupied by a double-storey Arts and Crafts style residence erected in 1928 to designs by the important architectural firm of W & R Butler and Martin. The house occupies a subdivision of the Illawara mansion estate.

Old Citation: 26-St-Georges-Road-Toorak.pdf

28 Albany Road, Toorak
The double-storey English Domestic Revival style house at 28 Albany Road, Toorak was constructed in 1934 to designs by the noted architectural firm Irwin and Stevenson. The house was built on land subdivided from the grounds of the 1880s Eilyer mansion.

 

Old Citation: 28-Albany-Road-Toorak.pdf

 


High Branches at 38 St George Road, Toorak

is a double-storey English Domestic Revival style building erected in 1937 to designs by noted architect Geoffrey Sommers.

Old Citation: 38-St-Georges-Road-Toorak.pdf

 

 

39-41 Hopetoun Road Toorak
The house is architecturally significant as an impressive and largely intact Old English style residence (Criterion D). The house is generally atypical of Architect Cedric Ballantyne’s oeuvre but it nonetheless demonstrates a skilful handling of the Old English mode.

Old Citation: 39-41-Hopetoun-Road-Toorak.pdf

 


Mindai at 407 Glenferrie Road, Malvern is a substantial double-storey Old English style house constructed c1934 to designs by accomplished interwar architect A Mortimer McMillan. It was built on the grounds of the nineteenth century mansion Medindie (formerly The Elms).

Old Citation: 407-Glenferrie-Road-Malvern.pdf

 

46 Albany Road Malvern
The house at 46 Albany Road stands on the north-east corner of Albany and Kooyong Roads. 
This house was built c1936-1937 for Edith K Noonan to designs by architect A Mortimer McMillan.

Old Citation: 46-Albany-Road-Toorak.pdf

 

687-689 Orrong Road, Toorak
The maisonettes at 687-689 Orrong Road, Toorak are a double-storey English Domestic Revival style building designed by noted interwar architect Robert Bell Hamilton. It was built c1932 following the demolition and subdivision of the nineteenth century mansion Montalto.

Old Citation: 687-Orrong-Road-Toorak.pdf

 

81 St Georges Road, Toorak
The large double-storey English Domestic Revival style house at 81 St Georges Road, Toorak was built c1934 on land subdivided from the grounds of the nineteenth century mansion Glenbervie. The house was constructed by, and possibly also designed by, prestige builders Dickson and Yorston.


Old Citation: 81-St-Georges-Road-Toorak.pdf

9 Linlithgow Road, Toorak
The house at 9 Linlithgow Road, Toorak is a large double-storey Arts and Crafts style
dwelling erected in 1927 to designs by prolific interwar architects Arthur and Hugh Peck. It was built on land subdivided from the 1880s mansion Eilyer.

Old Citation: 9-Linlithgow-Road-Toorak.pdf

11 Grosvenor Court, Toorak
10 Whernside Avenue, Toorak

Melbourne Area Old English Heritage buildings

From the Victorian Heritage Register

Burnham

14 Grange Road, Toorak 

Burnham, as designed by Robert B. Hamilton and constructed in 1932-3, is significant. The significant attributes are the Old English style form, materials and detailing of the flats and garages, front and side brick fences. 
The high level of external intactness and wide range of decorative and quirky detailing that is typical of Hamilton including uniquely designed screen doors with inset panels, the bracket with name plate and light fittings etc. are integral to the significance of the place.

Historically, it is significant as one of the first examples of the Old EnglishLuxury flat type designed by Robert Hamilton to resemble a large single-family home, an approachthat he would use in many of his subsequent developments. 
Hamilton was one of the most important and influential designers of Luxury flats in Toorak and South Yarra and this development of four large single-levelflats together with 'Haddon Hall', which is of a similar design, but comprising maisonettes demonstrate the two approaches used by Hamilton over the next decade either in separate buildings or in combination. 

 

Colinton

92 Mont Albert Road, Canterbury Boroondara City, VIC, 3126

A Landmark residence of Historical significance recently restored and set on majestic established gardens of 36,000 sq ft approx. Colinton, 92 Mont Albert Road Canterbury was built in 1926 to the design of the architectural firm Barlow and Hawkins as the family home of Walter Gillespie of the noted family of flour millers.

The inter-war Tudor style house is set well back on its large corner block to allow a picturesque view of the house across the garden. The picturesque is accentuated by the sweeping driveway and by the oblique siting of the house which gives emphasis to the three dimensional form of the design.

The steep pitched, shingled roof with its 'swept valleys' is well composed and can be appreciated from the street. The tall clumped chimney flues, small paned windows, and the half-timbered surface treatment all add to the romantic illusion of a substantial English country house in a park setting. This illusion is carried through into the interior, mainly in the stair hall, dining and sitting rooms. The four elevations are studied and are substantially intact, particularly on the north, south and east sides.

The working drawings for the house, signed by FG Hawkins, are in existence and the house displays a high degree of integrity and intactness particularly in respect of the roof, chimneys, major windows, brickwork and masonry finishes, stair and stair hall, sleep-out, lighting fixtures, doors and door furniture, switches, bell systems and joinery.

As well, the garden setting with its several early plantings, its sweeping gravel drive, its imposing front gates (replicas of the originals) and its open lawn giving a clear vista of the house, remains faithful to the original design concept.
Marcus Barlow was a skilled publicist and Colinton was featured in an extensive article in the leading magazine Australian Home Beautiful in May 1927 as well as in Barlow and Hawkins's showcase publication Australian Homes also published in 1927.

The Gillespie family owned Colinton until 1935 when it was purchased by the Beecham family of the timber industry. Other owners have included Walter Higgins, company director and Arthur Goode the noted stockbroker.

In 1992 the property was purchased by Max and Jane Chester. During 1962 under the Goode ownership the south west service wing was added to the design of architect David Nall who also converted the guest bedroom to allow access to the garden. Apart from the excision of one house block on the east side, the property has retained its extensive garden setting.
 

 

Combe Martin

819-820 The Esplanade, Mornington, Mornington Peninsula Shire, VIC, 3931

Combe Martin is a two-storey brick residence constructed as a holiday house for the successful iron and steel manufacturer, Charles Ruwolt and his family in 1939-40. 

Combe Martin is architecturally significant as an unusual and accomplished example of interwar architecture in the Old English style and as an unusual example of the work of the prominent Melbourne architectural firm of Norman Seabrook and Alan L. Fildes.

The house was designed in the Interwar Old English style by the noted architectural firm of Seabrook and Fildes and is elaborately detailed, inside and out. 

Combe Martin is historically significant for its association with the engineer and manufacturer, Charles Ruwolt, whose iron and steel manufacturing firm was one of the largest in Australia. The house demonstrates its association with Ruwolt in much of its detailing in metal, produced in the Ruwolt foundry.

Gowrie Court

716 Orrong Road, Toorak

Gowrie Court, 716 Orrong Road, Toorak as designed by Robert B. Hamilton and constructed by 1940 is significant. The significant attributes are the Old English style form, materials and detailing of the flats as designed by Hamilt

Historically, Gowrie Court is significant as 'Luxury' residential flats designed by Robert B. Hamilton who was the leading designer of this type of flat development in Toorak and South Yarra during the inter-war period. The mix of flat types - in this case a maisonette, large family flats and one bachelor flat - is characteristic of Hamilton's developments of the late 1930s. The inclusion of the 'bachelor' flat is of note as a rare example of a 'Luxury' flat specifically for single people or couples.

La Chaumiere, 219 Kooyong Road, Toorak
20 Heyington Place, Toorak
2 Ledbury Court, Toorak
2 Irving Road, Toorak
Wiltondale, 25 Heyington Place, Toorak was built c1929
13 Myamyn Street, Armadale
41 Hopetoun Road Toorak
High Branches at 38 St George Road, Toorak
28 Albany Road, Toorak
26 St George Road, Toorak
22 St Georges Road, Toorak
9 Linlithgow Road, Toorak
 81 St Georges Road, Toorak
687-689 Orrong Road, Toorak
46 Albany Road Toorak
Mindai at 407 Glenferrie Road, Malvern
Colinton 92 Mont Albert Road, Canterbury
Colinton 92 Mont Albert Road, Canterbury
Colinton 92 Mont Albert Road, Canterbury
Gowrie Court 716 Orrong Road, Toorak
Gowrie Court 716 Orrong Road, Toorak
Gowrie Court 716 Orrong Road, Toorak
Combe Martin 819-820 The Esplanade, Mornington
 
 
 
 
 
 

Haddon Hall

405 Toorak Road, Toorak


Haddon Hall, as designed by Robert B. Hamilton and constructed in 1931-2, is significant. The significant attributes are the Old English style form, materials and detailing of the flats, front and side brick fences, the garden setback to Toorak Road with semi-circular driveway.

The high level of external intactness and wide range of decorative and quirky detailing that is typical of Hamilton including uniquely designed screen doors with inset panels, the bracket with name plate and light fittings etc. are integral to the significance of the place.

Historically, it is significant as one of the first examples of the Luxury flat type designed by Robert Hamilton and represents his prototype of maisonettes designed to resemble a large single-family home that he would use in his subsequent developments. Hamilton was a pioneer of maisonette developments, which were promoted as a practical alternative to a detached house and was the forerunner of the post-war townhouse.

Architecturally, Haddon Hall is significant as a highly accomplished and externally intact example of inter-war flats designed in the Old English style. Details such as the fine brickwork and fachwerk, massive corbelled chimneys, and entrance gates with silhouette panels and lanterns, as well as its setting with a curved drive and original brick fence all contribute to its significance.

 

Also for its association with Robert Hamilton, Victoria's foremost practitioner of the inter-war Old English style.

 

Kings Lynn

280 Williams Road, Toorak

Two storey inter-war 'Old English' style maisonettes, Haddon Hall, at 405 Toorak Road Toorak, was erected in 1931-32 to a design by P.J. O'Connor, architect.

  • Very intact. Significant features include the building, random stone with tile coping on the front and side boundary fence and garages at rear.​

  • Architects to use corner towers in the 1930s to mark the staircase included Gawler and Drummond, Stuart Hill and A.W. Plaisted.

  • (Individually significant in HO155)
     

Muyunata

26 Kensington Road, South Yarra 
designed by Arthur W. Plaisted and constructed in 1936, is significant. The significant attributes are the Old English style form, materials and detailing of the flats as designed by Plaisted.

Architecturally and aesthetically, Muyanata Flats is a good example of the flat designs of architect Arthur Plaisted, who is known for his mastery of many different styles in his inter-war designs and is particularly noted as a pre-eminent designer of Old English style flats. The flats are distinguished by the attention to detail and unusual use of rough, rustic finishes to add authenticity to the Medieval design.


 

Stonehaven

692 Orrong Road, Toorak, Stonnington City
Luxury flats by Robert Hamilton

  • A fine example of the Old English style

  • A luxury design by Robert Hamilton

While 'Luxury' flats in Stonnington were designed by a number of architects Robert B. Hamilton appears to have been the pre-eminent designer of luxury flats in Toorak and South Yarra - Sawyer (1982:68) cites a 1938 article in the RVIA Journal where Hamilton pointed out that there was demand in the South Yarra district for flats 'which provide accommodation for more affluent residents'.

Throughout the 1930s Hamilton would design at least 11 flat developments in Toorak and South Yarra. Most of them fit within the category of luxury flats. Three of his known flat developments - Park Manor (built c.1935), Stonehaven (c.1933-35) and Denby Dale (c.1938) are currently listed in the HO and four more were assessed by the Residential Flats 2012 study.

Taunton

520 Toorak Road, Toorak

Taunton, designed by Robert B. Hamilton and Associates and constructed in 1936, is significant. The significant attributes are the Old English style form, materials and detailing of the flats, low brick garden walls, garage and front fence and lych gate, and the garden setting. The high level of external intactness and wide range of decorative and quirky detailing that is typical of Hamilton including uniquely designed screen doors with inset panels, the grotesques to the lych gate etc. are integral to the significance of the place.

Architecturally, Taunton is a highly accomplished and externally intact example of interwar flats designed in the Old English style. Aesthetically, the flats are distinguished by their skillful modulation of roof forms, projecting bays, window types and cladding materials to break up a long building and create the sense of an intimate Medieval village. Details of particular note include the Japanese-influenced lych gate with carved grotesques, and the rare use of terracotta roof shingles and hung tiles. Also for its association with Robert Hamilton, Victoria's foremost practitioner of the inter-war Old English style.

Westerfield

72-118 Robinsons Road, Frankston South


Westerfield is architecturally significant as an example of the rural retreats built by Melbourne's wealthiest families in the 1920s. It is an outstanding example of an innovative Arts and Crafts style house and garden, designed in 1924 by the prominent Melbourne architect Harold Desbrowe Annear, who was a leader of the Arts and Crafts movement in Victoria. It is among the most intact of his houses, and retains many original features, including the built-in furniture and door fittings.

Westerfield is historically significant for its association with Sir Russell Grimwade, a man of extraordinary diversity, active in some of Australia's largest and most enterprising business concerns, particularly in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries, and prominent in such bodies as the National Museum and the University of Melbourne. Grimwade was an early advocate for nature conservation, and had a great interest in native plants and their cultivation.

Westerfield was a 45 hectare property purchased in 1920 by Russell and Mabel Grimwade as a farm and rural retreat, in an area which became popular in the 1920s for the holiday houses of Melbourne's most prominent families.

  • Russell Grimwade (1879-1955) was one of Australia's outstanding industrialists, scientists and philanthropists. He was trained in science, was chairman of numerous chemical companies, including the family pharmaceutical business, Felton Grimwade & Co, which later became Drug Houses of Australia, and of the Victorian Board of Scientific and Industrial Research. His interests included arboriculture, carpentry, photography and forestry, and he was an enthusiast for native plants who published an Anthology of Eucalypts in 1920.

  • At Westerfield he began to plant what became a collection of more than fifty species of gums, as well as acres of lavender and roses, from which oil was distilled.


A house designed by the fashionable Melbourne architect Harold Desbrowe Annear was built at Westerfield in 1924. Nearby was a terraced lawn, a garden and pergola, probably also designed by Annear, an orchard and vegetable garden, and a timber windmill (now demolished) designed to generate electricity for the house.

  • An area of natural bushland east of the house was retained.

  • With the onset of World War II Australia's supply of many essential plant-derived drugs was cut off, and Grimwade, with the aid of the Federal Government, obtained seed from England and cultivated at Westerfield crops of poppies, foxgloves, deadly nightshade, henbane and colchicum.

  • He constructed a drying shed, and with the resources of the family firm's laboratories developed extraction techniques to produce many of the drugs essential for Australia's war effort.

  • The poppy seed grown at Westerfield was distributed to farms around Australia, and was able to satisfy all of Australia's morphine requirements until after the war. Grimwade was knighted in 1950. The property was sold and subdivided after his death.


The Westerfield estate is now on 14 hectares and incorporates a house, garden, paddocks, dam and bushland.

  • The two storey Arts and Crafts style house has ground floor walls of uncoursed locally-quarried granite rubble and a half timber and stucco upper floor.

  • The plan is unconventional with three wings radiating out from a central stair hall. The house has no corridors, and many rooms have unusual shapes.

  • The interior is remarkably intact, with many original details such as built-in furniture and door furniture. Much use was made of stained timber, for floors, skirtings, architraves, doors and built-in cupboards, but some is now painted white.

  • A small timbered tower containing a water tank rises from the centre of the cement-tiled roof. In the angle between two wings is an east-facing semicircular porch, now glassed in, axially aligned to the main garden path. Above the porch is a balustraded deck, intended as a lookout towards Westernport Bay. To the south of the house are a caretaker's cottage and a garage.


The landscape still reflects the original design, with distinct but integrated features.

Architects featured on this page:

  1. Rodney Alsop

  2. Harold Desbrowe Annear

  3. Cedric Ballantyne

  4. Marcus R Barlow

  5. Barlow and Hawkins

  6. Eric Beedham

  7. Edward Fielder Billson

  8. Walter & Richard Butler

  9. Gawler and Drummond

  10. Robert Bell Hamilton

  11. Stuart Hill

  12. Charles Neville Hollinshed

  13. Philip Hudson,

  14. Irwin and Stevenson

  15. Henry H Kemp

  16. FL & K Klingender

  17. Klingender & Alsop

  18. Walter Mason

  19. Marcus Martin

  20. Marcus Norris

  21. Osborn McCutcheon

  22. A Mortimer McMillan

  23. David Nall

  24. P.J. O'Connor

  25. Arthur and Hugh Peck NB for such a prominent architect, biographical and practice data is definitely lacking!
    Otherwise, remembered as a yachtsman: Peck Family - The early years - Davey's Bay Yacht Club

  26. Arthur Plaisted

  27. Leslie Reed

  28. Seabrook and Fildes

  29. Stephenson & Meldrum

  30. Geoffrey Sommers NB A biography and list of works needs to be assembled for this society architect!

  31. Bernard Sutton

  32. Sydney Smith and Ogg

  33. Arnaud Wright

References
  1. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/domestic-revival

  2. ^ https://www.nationaltrust.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Our-Inter-war-Housing.pdf

  3. ^ http://www.stonnington.vic.gov.au/files/assets/public/adl/c189-exhibited-documents/toorak-house-precinct-citation-ho460.pdf

  4. ^http://dsewebapps.dse.vic.gov.au/Shared/ATSAttachment1.nsf/(attachmentopen)/8C4026675DB1B387CA25810A003006D7/$File/Stonnington+C222+Panel+Report+.pdf

  5. ^ http://images.heritage.vic.gov.au/attachment/70756

  6. ^ http://www.stonnington.vic.gov.au/files/assets/public/adl/heritage-overlays/ho259-3-benson-avenue-toorak.pdf

Kings Lynn 280 Williams Road, Toorak
Haddon Hall 405 Toorak Road, Toorak
Taunton 520 Toorak Road, Toorak
Stonehaven 692 Orrong Road, Toorak
Westerfield 72-118 Robinsons Road, Frankston South
Westerfield 72-118 Robinsons Road, Frankston South
Westerfield 72-118 Robinsons Road, Frankston South
Westerfield 72-118 Robinsons Road, Frankston South